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  The use of noninvasive brain stimulation techniques to improve reading difficulties in dyslexia: A systematic review

Turker, S., & Hartwigsen, G. (2022). The use of noninvasive brain stimulation techniques to improve reading difficulties in dyslexia: A systematic review. Human Brain Mapping, 43(3), 1157-1173. doi:10.1002/hbm.25700.

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 Creators:
Turker, Sabrina1, 2, Author           
Hartwigsen, Gesa1, Author           
Affiliations:
1Lise Meitner Research Group Cognition and Plasticity, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025665              
2Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Developmental dyslexia; Language; Noninvasive brain stimulation; Phonology; Reading; Transcranial direct current stimulation
 Abstract: Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) allows to actively and noninvasively modulate brain function. Aside from inhibiting specific processes, NIBS may also enhance cognitive functions, which might be used for the prevention and intervention of learning disabilities such as dyslexia. However, despite the growing interest in modulating learning abilities, a comprehensive, up-to-date review synthesizing NIBS studies with dyslexics is missing. Here, we fill this gap and elucidate the potential of NIBS as treatment option in dyslexia. The findings of the 15 included studies suggest that repeated sessions of reading training combined with different NIBS protocols may induce long-lasting improvements of reading performance in child and adult dyslexics, opening promising avenues for future research. In particular, the “classical” reading areas seem to be most successfully modulated through NIBS, and facilitatory protocols can improve various reading-related subprocesses. Moreover, we emphasize the need to further explore the potential to modulate auditory cortex function as a preintervention and intervention approach for affected children, for example, to avoid the development of auditory and phonological difficulties at the core of dyslexia. Finally, we outline how future studies may increase our understanding of the neurobiological basis of NIBS-induced improvements in dyslexia.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-10-082021-10-302022-02-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/hbm.25700
Other: epub 2021
PMID: 34716977
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Title: Human Brain Mapping
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York : Wiley-Liss
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 43 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1157 - 1173 Identifier: ISSN: 1065-9471
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925601686