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  High-resolution dietary reconstruction of victims of the 79 CE Vesuvius eruption at Herculaneum by compound-specific isotope analysis

Soncin, S., Talbot, H. M., Fernandes, R., Harris, A., von Tersch, M., Robson, H. K., et al. (2021). High-resolution dietary reconstruction of victims of the 79 CE Vesuvius eruption at Herculaneum by compound-specific isotope analysis. Science Advances, 7(35): eabg5791. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abg5791.

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 Creators:
Soncin, Silvia, Author
Talbot, Helen M., Author
Fernandes, Ricardo1, Author              
Harris, Alison, Author
von Tersch, Matthew, Author
Robson, Harry K., Author
Bakker, Jan K., Author
Richter, Kristine Korzow1, Author              
Alexander, Michelle, Author
Ellis, Steven, Author
Thompson, Gill, Author
Amoretti, Valeria, Author
Osanna, Massimo, Author
Caso, Marina, Author
Sirano, Francesco, Author
Fattore, Luciano, Author
Colonese, Andre C., Author
Garnsey, Peter, Author
Bondioli, Luca, Author
Craig, Oliver E., Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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 Abstract: The remains of those who perished at Herculaneum in 79 CE offer a unique opportunity to examine lifeways across an ancient community who lived and died together. Historical sources often allude to differential access to foodstuffs across Roman society but provide no direct or quantitative information. By determining the stable isotope values of amino acids from bone collagen and deploying Bayesian models that incorporate knowledge of protein synthesis, we were able to reconstruct the diets of 17 adults from Herculaneum with unprecedented resolution. Significant differences in the proportions of marine and terrestrial foods consumed were observed between males and females, implying that access to food was differentiated according to gender. The approach also provided dietary data of sufficient precision for comparison with assessments of food supply to modern populations, opening up the possibility of benchmarking ancient diets against contemporary settings where the consequences for health are better understood.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-25
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 10
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Results
Discussion
Material and methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg5791
Other: shh3041
 Degree: -

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Title: Science Advances
  Other : Sci. Adv.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington : AAAS
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (35) Sequence Number: eabg5791 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2375-2548
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2375-2548