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  More data on ancient human mitogenome variability in Italy: new mitochondrial genome sequences from three Upper Palaeolithic burials

Modi, A., Vai, S., Posth, C., Vergata, C., Zaro, V., Diroma, M. A., et al. (2021). More data on ancient human mitogenome variability in Italy: new mitochondrial genome sequences from three Upper Palaeolithic burials. Annals of human biology, 48(3): 1942549, pp. 213-222. doi:10.1080/03014460.2021.1942549.

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(last seen: Oct. 2021)
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(last seen: Oct. 2021)

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 Creators:
Modi, Alessandra, Author
Vai, Stefania, Author
Posth, Cosimo1, Author              
Vergata, Chiara, Author
Zaro, Valentina, Author
Diroma, Maria Angela, Author
Boschin, Francesco, Author
Capecchi, Giulia, Author
Ricci, Stefano, Author
Ronchitelli, Annamaria, Author
Catalano, Giulio, Author
Lauria, Gabriele, Author
D'Amore, Giuseppe, Author
Sineo, Luca, Author
Caramelli, David, Author
Lari, Martina, Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: Mitochondrial DNA, ancient DNA, Upper Palaeolithic, Italian hunter-gatherers, LGM
 Abstract: BACKGROUND: Recently, the study of mitochondrial variability in ancient humans has allowed the definition of population dynamics that characterised Europe in the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene. Despite the abundance of sites and skeletal remains few data are available for Italy. - AIM: We reconstructed the mitochondrial genomes of three Upper Palaeolithic individuals for some of the most important Italian archaeological contexts: Paglicci (South-Eastern Italy), San Teodoro (South-Western Italy) and Arene Candide (North-Western Italy) caves. - SUBJECTS AND METHODS We explored the phylogenetic relationships of the three mitogenomes in the context of Western Eurasian ancient and modern variability. - RESULTS Paglicci 12 belongs to sub-haplogroup U8c, described in only two other Gravettian individuals; San Teodoro 2 harbours a U2'3'4'7'8'9 sequence, the only lineage found in Sicily during the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene; Arene Candide 16 displays an ancestral U5b1 haplotype already detected in other Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers from Central Europe. - CONCLUSION: Regional genetic continuity is highlighted in the Gravettian groups that succeeded in Paglicci. Data from one of the oldest human remains from Sicily reinforce the hypothesis that Epigravettian groups carrying U2'3'4'7'8'9 could be the first inhabitants of the island. The first pre-Neolithic mitogenome from North-Western Italy, sequenced here, shows more affinity with continental Europe than with the Italian peninsula.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-29
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 11
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Subjects and methods
- Methods
Results
Discussion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/03014460.2021.1942549
Other: shh3042
 Degree: -

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Title: Annals of human biology
  Other : Annals of human biology : journal of the Society for the Study of Human Biology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Abington : Taylor & Francis Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 48 (3) Sequence Number: 1942549 Start / End Page: 213 - 222 Identifier: ISSN: 0301-4460
ISSN: 1464-5033
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0301-4460