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  Correction of FLASH-based MT saturation in human brain for residual bias of B1-inhomogeneity at 3T

Helms, G., Weiskopf, N., & Lutti, A. (2021). Correction of FLASH-based MT saturation in human brain for residual bias of B1-inhomogeneity at 3T. arXiv.

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https://arxiv.org/abs/2104.14878 (Preprint)
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Helms, Gunther1, Author           
Weiskopf, Nikolaus1, Author           
Lutti, Antoine, Author
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1Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2205649              

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Free keywords: Physics, Medical Physics, physics.med-ph
 Abstract: Background: Magnetization transfer (MT) saturation reflects the additional saturation of the MRI signal imposed by an MT pulse and is largely driven by the saturation of the bound pool. This reduction of the bound polarization by the MT pulse is less efficient than predicted by the differential B1-square law of absorption. Thus, B1 inhomogeneities lead to a residual bias in the MT saturation maps. We derive a heuristic correction to reduce this bias for a widely used multi-parameter mapping protocol at 3T. Methods: The amplitude of the MT pulse was varied via the nominal flip angle to mimic variations in B1. The MT saturation's dependence on the actual flip angle features a linear correction term, which was determined separately for gray and white matter. Results: The deviation of MT saturation from differential B1-square law is well described by a linear decrease with the actual flip angle of the MT pulse. This decrease showed no significant differences between gray and white matter. Thus, the post hoc correction does not need to take different tissue types into account. Bias-corrected MT saturation maps appeared more symmetric and highlighted highly myelinated tracts. Discussion: Our correction involves a calibration that is specific for the MT pulse. While it can also be used to rescale nominal flip angles, different MT pulses and/or protocols will require individual calibration. Conclusion: The suggested B1 correction of the MT maps can be applied post hoc using an independently acquired flip angle map.

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 Dates: 2021-04-302021-04-302021-04-30
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 15 pages, 3 figures
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 Identifiers: arXiv: 2104.14878
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