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  Dairying enabled Early Bronze Age Yamnaya steppe expansions

Wilkin, S., Ventresca Miller, A., Fernandes, R., Spengler, R., Taylor, W. T. T., Brown, D. R., et al. (2021). Dairying enabled Early Bronze Age Yamnaya steppe expansions. Nature, s41586-021-03798-4. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03798-4.

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(last seen: Oct. 2021)

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 Creators:
Wilkin, Shevan1, Author              
Ventresca Miller, Alicia1, Author              
Fernandes, Ricardo1, Author              
Spengler, Robert1, Author              
Taylor, William Timothy Treal1, Author              
Brown, Dorcas R., Author
Reich, David, Author
Kennett, Douglas J., Author
Culleton, Brendan J., Author
Kunz, Laura, Author
Fortes, Claudia, Author
Kitova, Aleksandra, Author
Kuznetsov, Pavel, Author
Epimakhov, Andrey, Author
Zaibert, Victor F., Author
Outram, Alan K., Author
Kitov, Egor, Author
Khokhlov, Aleksandr, Author
Anthony, David, Author
Boivin, Nicole1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Proteomics
 Abstract: During the Early Bronze Age, populations of the western Eurasian steppe expanded across an immense area of northern Eurasia. Combined archaeological and genetic evidence supports widespread Early Bronze Age population movements out of the Pontic–Caspian steppe that resulted in gene flow across vast distances, linking populations of Yamnaya pastoralists in Scandinavia with pastoral populations (known as the Afanasievo) far to the east in the Altai Mountains1,2 and Mongolia3. Although some models hold that this expansion was the outcome of a newly mobile pastoral economy characterized by horse traction, bulk wagon transport4–6 and regular dietary dependence on meat and milk5, hard evidence for these economic features has not been found. Here we draw on proteomic analysis of dental calculus from individuals from the western Eurasian steppe to demonstrate a major transition in dairying at the start of the Bronze Age. The rapid onset of ubiquitous dairying at a point in time when steppe populations are known to have begun dispersing offers critical insight into a key catalyst of steppe mobility. The identification of horse milk proteins also indicates horse domestication by the Early Bronze Age, which provides support for its role in steppe dispersals. Our results point to a potential epicentre for horse domestication in the Pontic–Caspian steppe by the third millennium bc, and offer strong support for the notion that the novel exploitation of secondary animal products was a key driver of the expansions of Eurasian steppe pastoralists by the Early Bronze Age.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-09-152021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 11
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03798-4
Other: Wilkin2021
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Title: Nature
  Abbreviation : Nature
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: s41586-021-03798-4 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427238