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  Ancient mitochondrial genomes reveal extensive genetic influence of the steppe pastoralists in Western Xinjiang

Ning, C., Zheng, H.-X., Zhang, F., Wu, S., Li, C., Zhao, Y., et al. (2021). Ancient mitochondrial genomes reveal extensive genetic influence of the steppe pastoralists in Western Xinjiang. Frontiers in Genetics, 12: 740167. doi:10.3389/fgene.2021.740167.

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Table 1A-1F (Supplementary material)
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(last seen: Oct. 2021)
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 Creators:
Ning, Chao1, Author           
Zheng, Hong-Xiang, Author
Zhang, Fan, Author
Wu, Sihao, Author
Li, Chunxiang, Author
Zhao, Yongbin, Author
Xu, Yang, Author
Wei, Dong, Author
Wu, Yong, Author
Gao, Shizhu, Author
Jin, Li, Author
Cui, Yinqiu, Author
Affiliations:
1Eurasia3angle, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2301699              

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Free keywords: mitochondrial genome, ancient DNA, Eurasian Steppe, Silk Road, Andronovo
 Abstract: The population prehistory of Xinjiang has been a hot topic among geneticists, linguists, and archaeologists. Current ancient DNA studies in Xinjiang exclusively suggest an admixture model for the populations in Xinjiang since the early Bronze Age. However, almost all of these studies focused on the northern and eastern parts of Xinjiang; the prehistoric demographic processes that occurred in western Xinjiang have been seldomly reported. By analyzing complete mitochondrial sequences from the Xiabandi (XBD) cemetery (3,500–3,300 BP), the up-to-date earliest cemetery excavated in western Xinjiang, we show that all the XBD mitochondrial sequences fall within two different West Eurasian mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) pools, indicating that the migrants into western Xinjiang from west Eurasians were a consequence of the early expansion of the middle and late Bronze Age steppe pastoralists (Steppe_MLBA), admixed with the indigenous populations from Central Asia. Our study provides genetic links for an early existence of the Indo-Iranian language in southwestern Xinjiang and suggests that the existence of Andronovo culture in western Xinjiang involved not only the dispersal of ideas but also population movement.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-09-22
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 9
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Materials and methods
- Archaeological Background, Sampling, and Sequencing
- Sequence Mapping and Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup Determination
- Analysis of Xiabandi Mitochondrial DNA Genomes
Results
- Mitochondrial DNA Authentication and Contamination Assessment
- Major Bronze Age Steppe Pastoralist Origin of the Xiabandi Mitochondrial Haplogroups
- Expansion of the Bronze Age Steppe Pastoralists as a Dynamic Process to Form the Genetic Landscape of Xiabandi Individuals
Discussion
Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fgene.2021.740167
Other: shh3060
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Title: Frontiers in Genetics
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne : Frontiers Media
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 Sequence Number: 740167 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-8021
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-8021