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  Genome-wide autosomal, mtDNA, and Y chromosome analysis of King Bela III of the Hungarian Arpad dynasty

Wang, C.-C., Posth, C., Furtwängler, A., Sümegi, K., Bánfai, Z., Kásler, M., et al. (2021). Genome-wide autosomal, mtDNA, and Y chromosome analysis of King Bela III of the Hungarian Arpad dynasty. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 19210. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-98796-x.

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Figure S1-S3; Table S1-S9 (Supplementary material)
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 Creators:
Wang, Chuan-Chao1, Author              
Posth, Cosimo1, Author              
Furtwängler, Anja, Author              
Sümegi, Katalin, Author
Bánfai, Zsolt, Author
Kásler, Miklós, Author
Krause, Johannes1, Author              
Melegh, Béla, Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: Evolutionary biology, Genetic markers, Genotype, Haplotypes, Medical genetics, Population genetics
 Abstract: The ancient Hungarians, “Madzsars”, established their control of the Carpathian Basin in the late ninth century and founded the Hungarian Kingdom around 1000AD. The origin of the Magyars as a tribal federation has been much debated in the past. From the time of the conquest to the early fourteenth century they were ruled by descendants of the Arpad family. In order to learn more about the genetic origin of this family, we here analyzed the genome of Bela III one of the most prominent members of the early Hungarian dynasty that ruled the Hungarian Kingdom from 1172 to 1196. The Y-Chromosome of Bela III belongs to haplogroup R1a-Z2123 that is today found in highest frequency in Central Asia, supporting a Central Asian origin for the ruling lineage of the Hungarian kingdom. The autosomal DNA profile of Bela III, however, falls within the genetic variation of present-day east European populations. This is further supported through his mtDNA genome that belongs to haplogroup H, the most common European maternal lineage, but also found in Central Asia. However, we didn’t find an exact haplotype match for Bela III. The typical autosomal and maternal Central Eastern European ancestry among Bela III autosomes might be best explained by consecutive intermarriage with local European ruling families.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-09-28
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 9
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Results
- Next generation sequencing.
- Mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosomal analysis.
- Genome‑wide autosomal marker data analysis
- Phenotype analysis
Discussion
Methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-98796-x
Other: shh3065
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (1) Sequence Number: 19210 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322