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  Eutectic/eutectoid multi-principle component alloys: A review

Baker, I., Wu, M., & Wang, Z. (2019). Eutectic/eutectoid multi-principle component alloys: A review. Materials Characterization, 147, 545-557. doi:10.1016/j.matchar.2018.07.030.

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 Creators:
Baker, Ian1, Author           
Wu, Margaret1, Author           
Wang, Zhangwei2, Author           
Affiliations:
1Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA, ou_persistent22              
2High-Entropy Alloys, Microstructure Physics and Alloy Design, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society, ou_3010672              

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Free keywords: Aluminum nitride; Ductility; III-V semiconductors; Pearlite; Precipitation (chemical); Temperature; Yield stress, Equi-axed grains; Increasing temperatures; Interlamellar spacing; Lamellar eutectic; Principle component; Structural applications; Tensile ductility; Thermo-mechanical processing, Eutectics
 Abstract: Multi-principle component alloys (MPCAs) differ from traditional alloys in that they consist of four or more elements or components each with concentrations of 5–35 at. . Since the first eutectic multi-principle component alloy (MPCA) was produced in 2008, there has been a growing number of papers on developing eutectic MPCAs as potential structural materials. Eutectic MPCAs can show high ambient temperature yield strengths that increase with decreasing interlamellar spacing, λ according to either λ−1/2 or λ−1, similar to that observed in pearlitic steels, with a tradeoff between this increased strength and reduced tensile ductility. Ambient temperature tensile ductility has been observed in eutectic MPCAs only when one phase is f.c.c. and when the harder second phase is itself deformable. The yield strength in eutectic MPCAs has been shown to decrease with increasing temperature, and, limited data suggest that, this is related to the softening of the harder phase. Annealing of as-cast eutectic MPCAs, which are not typically at equilibrium, can produce precipitation of fine particles that further increase the strength, and which often reduce the ductility. Both thermo-mechanical processing and nitriding can increase the strengths of eutectic MPCAs by transforming the lamellar eutectic into equi-axed grains and producing fine AlN particles (in aluminum-containing MPCAs), respectively. The properties of eutectic MPCAs can largely be explained by models used for traditional alloys. While a number of different elements have been used to produce eutectic MPCAs, the design of eutectic MPCAs for structural applications should avoid the use of expensive elements like cobalt and niobium, which have often been used. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2018.07.030
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Title: Materials Characterization
  Abbreviation : Mater. Charact.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 147 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 545 - 557 Identifier: ISSN: 1044-5803
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954928499483