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  Dispersion of the bio-aerosol produced by the oak processionary moth

Fenk, L. M., Vogel, B., & Horvath, H. (2007). Dispersion of the bio-aerosol produced by the oak processionary moth. Aerobiologia, 23(1), 79-87. doi:10.1007/s10453-007-9053-3.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fenk, Lisa M.1, Author           
Vogel, Bernhard, Author
Horvath, Helmuth, Author
Affiliations:
1University of Vienna, Austria, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: airborne disease atmospheric dispersion bio-aerosol oak processionary moth numerical simulations baden-wurttemberg ozone sensitivity airborne disease caterpillar indicator pollution hairs Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics Environmental Sciences & Ecology
 Abstract: The oak processionary moth (Thaumetopoea processionea L.) is found in oak forests in most European countries. The caterpillars bear urticating hairs (setae) as a chemical defence. These hairs break off and are small enough to become airborne and be transported by the wind. Upon contact with humans the toxin can cause an allergic reaction that ranges from a skin rash to respiratory distress. In order to measure the terminal settling velocity of this bioaerosol, we used a small elutriator and tested its functionality with particles of known aerodynamic diameter. We determined that the mean settling velocity of the setae is about 1 cm/s, corresponding to an aerodynamic diameter of 19 mu m for setae with a diameter of 6 mu m and a length of 190 mu m. The dispersion of the hairs in the atmosphere for a typical summer day was calculated by means of an Eulerian model. The results of this calculation revealed that the maximum concentrations in the atmosphere on a typical summer day reach 20-30% of the concentration found directly at the source. Those maximum concentrations are reached at a distance from the source that varies between 174 and 562 m, depending on the atmospheric stability and the settling velocity.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2007-03-16
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: Other: WOS:000245292000008
DOI: 10.1007/s10453-007-9053-3
ISSN: 0393-5965
 Degree: -

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Title: Aerobiologia
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Dordrecht [u.a.] : Springer Science + Business Media
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 23 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 79 - 87 Identifier: ISSN: 0393-5965
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0393-5965