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  The origins and spread of domestic horses from the Western Eurasian steppes

Librado, P., Khan, N., Fages, A., Kusliy, M. A., Suchan, T., Tonasso-Calvière, L., et al. (2021). The origins and spread of domestic horses from the Western Eurasian steppes. Nature, 598(7882): s41586-021-04018-9, pp. 634-640. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04018-9.

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 Creators:
Librado, Pablo, Author
Khan, Naveed, Author
Fages, Antoine, Author
Kusliy, Mariya A., Author
Suchan, Tomasz, Author
Tonasso-Calvière, Laure, Author
Schiavinato, Stéphanie, Author
Alioglu, Duha, Author
Fromentier, Aurore, Author
Perdereau, Aude, Author
Aury, Jean-Marc, Author
Gaunitz, Charleen, Author
Chauvey, Lorelei, Author
Seguin-Orlando, Andaine, Author
Der Sarkissian, Clio, Author
Southon, John, Author
Shapiro, Beth, Author
Tishkin, Alexey A., Author
Kovalev, Alexey A., Author
Alquraishi, Saleh, Author
Alfarhan, Ahmed H., AuthorAl-Rasheid, Khaled A. S., AuthorSeregély, Timo, AuthorKlassen, Lutz, AuthorIversen, Rune, AuthorBignon-Lau, Olivier, AuthorBodu, Pierre, AuthorOlive, Monique, AuthorCastel, Jean-Christophe, AuthorBoudadi-Maligne, Myriam, AuthorAlvarez, Nadir, AuthorGermonpré, Mietje, AuthorMoskal-del Hoyo, Magdalena, AuthorWilczyński, Jarosław, AuthorPospuła, Sylwia, AuthorLasota-Kuś, Anna, AuthorTunia, Krzysztof, AuthorNowak, Marek, AuthorRannamäe, Eve, AuthorSaarma, Urmas, AuthorBoeskorov, Gennady, AuthorLōugas, Lembi, AuthorKyselý, René, AuthorPeške, Lubomír, AuthorBălășescu, Adrian, AuthorDumitrașcu, Valentin, AuthorDobrescu, Roxana, AuthorGerber, Daniel, AuthorKiss, Viktória, AuthorSzécsényi-Nagy, Anna, AuthorMende, Balázs G., AuthorGallina, Zsolt, AuthorSomogyi, Krisztina, AuthorKulcsár, Gabriella, AuthorGál, Erika, AuthorBendrey, Robin, AuthorAllentoft, Morten E., AuthorSirbu, Ghenadie, AuthorDergachev, Valentin, AuthorShephard, Henry, AuthorTomadini, Noémie, AuthorGrouard, Sandrine, AuthorKasparov, Aleksei, AuthorBasilyan, Alexander E., AuthorAnisimov, Mikhail A., AuthorNikolskiy, Pavel A., AuthorPavlova, Elena Y., AuthorPitulko, Vladimir, AuthorBrem, Gottfried, AuthorWallner, Barbara, AuthorSchwall, Christoph, AuthorKeller, Marcel1, Author              Kitagawa, Keiko, AuthorBessudnov, Alexander N., AuthorBessudnov, Alexander, AuthorTaylor , William, AuthorMagail, Jérome, AuthorGantulga, Jamiyan-Ombo, AuthorBayarsaikhan, Jamsranjav2, Author              Erdenebaatar, Diimaajav, AuthorTabaldiev, Kubatbeek, AuthorMijiddorj, Enkhbayar, AuthorBoldgiv, Bazartseren, AuthorTsagaan, Turbat, AuthorPruvost, Mélanie, AuthorOlsen, Sandra, AuthorMakarewicz, Cheryl A., AuthorValenzuela Lamas, Silvia, AuthorAlbizuri Canadell, Silvia, AuthorNieto Espinet, Ariadna, AuthorIborra, Ma Pilar, AuthorLira Garrido, Jaime, AuthorRodríguez González, Esther, AuthorCelestino, Sebastián, AuthorOlària, Carmen, AuthorArsuaga, Juan Luis, AuthorKotova, Nadiia, AuthorPryor, Alexander, AuthorCrabtree, Pam, AuthorZhumatayev, Rinat, AuthorToleubaev, Abdesh, AuthorMorgunova, Nina L., AuthorKuznetsova, Tatiana, AuthorLordkipanize, David, AuthorMarzullo, Matilde, AuthorPrato, Ornella, AuthorBagnasco Gianni, Giovanna, AuthorTecchiati, Umberto, AuthorClavel, Benoit, AuthorLepetz, Sébastien, AuthorDavoudi, Hossein, AuthorMashkour, Marjan, AuthorBerezina, Natalia Ya., AuthorStockhammer, Philipp W., AuthorKrause, Johannes1, Author              Haak, Wolfgang1, Author              Morales-Muñiz, Arturo, AuthorBenecke, Norbert, AuthorHofreiter, Michael, AuthorLudwig, Arne, AuthorGraphodatsky, Alexander S., AuthorPeters, Joris, AuthorKiryushin, Kirill Yu., AuthorIderkhangai, Tumur-Ochir, AuthorBokovenko, Nikolay A., AuthorVasiliev, Sergey K., AuthorSeregin, Nikolai N., AuthorChugunov, Konstantin V., AuthorPlasteeva, Natalya A., AuthorBaryshnikov, Gennady F., AuthorPetrova, Ekaterina, AuthorSablin, Mikhail, AuthorAnanyevskaya, Elina, AuthorLogvin, Andrey, AuthorShevnina, Irina, AuthorLogvin, Victor, AuthorKalieva, Saule, AuthorLoman, Valeriy, AuthorKukushkin, Igor, AuthorMerz, Ilya, AuthorMerz, Victor, AuthorSakenov, Sergazy, AuthorVarfolomeyev, Victor, AuthorUsmanova, Emma, AuthorZaibert, Viktor, AuthorArbuckle, Benjamin, AuthorBelinskiy, Andrey B., AuthorKalmykov, Alexej, AuthorReinhold, Sabine, AuthorHansen, Svend, AuthorYudin, Aleksandr I., AuthorVybornov, Alekandr A., AuthorEpimakhov, Andrey, AuthorBerezina, Natalia S., AuthorRoslyakova, Natalia, AuthorKosintsev, Pavel A., AuthorKuznetsov, Pavel F., AuthorAnthony, David, AuthorKroonen, Guus J., AuthorKristiansen, Kristian, AuthorWincker, Patrick, AuthorOutram, Alan, AuthorOrlando, Ludovic, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: volutionary genetics, Population genetics
 Abstract: Domestication of horses fundamentally transformed long-range mobility and warfare1. However, modern domesticated breeds do not descend from the earliest domestic horse lineage associated with archaeological evidence of bridling, milking and corralling2–4 at Botai, Central Asia around 3500 bc3. Other longstanding candidate regions for horse domestication, such as Iberia5 and Anatolia6, have also recently been challenged. Thus, the genetic, geographic and temporal origins of modern domestic horses have remained unknown. Here we pinpoint the Western Eurasian steppes, especially the lower Volga-Don region, as the homeland of modern domestic horses. Furthermore, we map the population changes accompanying domestication from 273 ancient horse genomes. This reveals that modern domestic horses ultimately replaced almost all other local populations as they expanded rapidly across Eurasia from about 2000 bc, synchronously with equestrian material culture, including Sintashta spoke-wheeled chariots. We find that equestrianism involved strong selection for critical locomotor and behavioural adaptations at the GSDMC and ZFPM1 genes. Our results reject the commonly held association7 between horseback riding and the massive expansion of Yamnaya steppe pastoralists into Europe around 3000 bc8,9 driving the spread of Indo-European languages10. This contrasts with the scenario in Asia where Indo-Iranian languages, chariots and horses spread together, following the early second millennium bc Sintashta culture11,12.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-10-202021-10-28
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 24
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Pre-domestication population structure
The origins of DOM2 horses
Expansion of steppe-related pastoralism
DOM2 biological adaptations
Evolutionary history and origins of tarpan horses
Discussion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04018-9
Other: shh3083
 Degree: -

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Title: Nature
  Abbreviation : Nature
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 598 (7882) Sequence Number: s41586-021-04018-9 Start / End Page: 634 - 640 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427238