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  Long non-coding RNAs: novel regulators of cellular physiology and function.

Oo, J. A., Brandes, R. P., & Leisegang, M. S. (2021). Long non-coding RNAs: novel regulators of cellular physiology and function. Pflugers Archiv: European journal of physiology. doi:10.1007/s00424-021-02641-z.

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Oo, James A1, Author              
Brandes, Ralf P, Author
Leisegang, Matthias S, Author
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1IMPRS, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Max Planck Society, ou_3242057              

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 Abstract: Long non-coding RNAs were once considered as "junk" RNA produced by aberrant DNA transcription. They are now understood to play central roles in diverse cellular processes from proliferation and migration to differentiation, senescence and DNA damage control. LncRNAs are classed as transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides that do not encode a peptide. They are relevant to many physiological and pathophysiological processes through their control of fundamental molecular functions. This review summarises the recent progress in lncRNA research and highlights the far-reaching physiological relevance of lncRNAs. The main areas of lncRNA research encompassing their characterisation, classification and mechanisms of action will be discussed. In particular, the regulation of gene expression and chromatin landscape through lncRNA control of proteins, DNA and other RNAs will be introduced. This will be exemplified with a selected number of lncRNAs that have been described in numerous physiological contexts and that should be largely representative of the tens-of-thousands of mammalian lncRNAs. To some extent, these lncRNAs have inspired the current thinking on the central dogmas of epigenetics, RNA and DNA mechanisms.

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 Dates: 2021-11-182021
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: ISI: 34791525
DOI: 10.1007/s00424-021-02641-z
PMID: 34791525
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Title: Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology
Source Genre: Journal
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