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  Lateral prefrontal cortex is a hub for music production from structural rules to movements

Bianco, R., Novembre, G., Ringer, H., Kohler, N., Keller, P. E., Villringer, A., et al. (in press). Lateral prefrontal cortex is a hub for music production from structural rules to movements. Cerebral Cortex.

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Bianco, Roberta1, 2, 3, Author              
Novembre, Giacomo4, Author
Ringer, Hanna1, 5, 6, Author              
Kohler, Natalie1, 2, 7, Author              
Keller, Peter E.8, 9, Author
Villringer, Arno2, Author              
Sammler, Daniela1, 7, Author              
Affiliations:
1Otto Hahn Group Neural Bases of Intonation in Speech, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_1797284              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
3UCL Ear Institute, University College London, UK, ou_persistent22              
4Neuroscience of Perception and Action Lab, Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Rome, Italy, ou_persistent22              
5International Max Planck Research School on Neuroscience of Communication: Function, Structure, and Plasticity, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2616696              
6University of Leipzig, Institute of Psychology, Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7Research Group Neurocognition of Music and Language, Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Max Planck Society, ou_3277646              
8Center for Music in the Brain, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark, ou_persistent22              
9The MARCS Institute for Brain, Behaviour and Development, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: action hierarchy, inferior frontal gyrus, motor sequences, predictive coding, musical syntax
 Abstract: Complex sequential behaviours, such as speaking or playing music, entail flexible rule-based chaining of single acts. However, it remains unclear how the brain translates abstract structural rules into movements. We combined music production with multi-modal neuroimaging to dissociate high-level structural and low-level motor planning. Pianists played novel musical chord sequences on a muted MR-compatible piano by imitating a model hand on screen. Chord sequences were manipulated in terms of musical harmony and context length to assess structural planning, and in terms of fingers used for playing to assess motor planning. A model of probabilistic sequence processing confirmed temporally extended dependencies between chords, as opposed to local dependencies between movements. Violations of structural plans activated the left inferior frontal and middle temporal gyrus, and the fractional anisotropy of the ventral pathway connecting these two regions positively predicted behavioural measures of structural planning. A bilateral fronto-parietal network was instead activated by violations of motor plans. Both structural and motor networks converged in lateral prefrontal cortex, with anterior regions contributing to musical structure building, and posterior areas to movement planning. These results establish a promising approach to study sequence production at different levels of action representation.

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 Dates: 2021-11-09
 Publication Status: Accepted / In Press
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Title: Cerebral Cortex
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1047-3211
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925592440