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  Hydrological Changes in Late Antiquity: Spatio-Temporal Characteristics and Socio-Economic Impacts in the Eastern Mediterranean

Xoplaki, E., Luterbacher, J., Luther, N., Behr, L., Wagner, S., Jungclaus, J., et al. (2021). Hydrological Changes in Late Antiquity: Spatio-Temporal Characteristics and Socio-Economic Impacts in the Eastern Mediterranean. In P. Erdkamp, J. G. Manning, & K. Verboven (Eds.), Climate Change and Ancient Societies in Europe and the Near East: Diversity in Collapse and Resilience (1, pp. 533-560). Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-81103-7_18.

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shh3093.pdf (Publisher version), 764KB
 
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 Creators:
Xoplaki, E., Author
Luterbacher, J., Author
Luther, N., Author
Behr, L., Author
Wagner, S., Author
Jungclaus, J., Author
Zorita, E., Author
Toreti, A., Author
Fleitmann, D., Author
Izdebski, Adam1, Author           
Bloomfield, K., Author
Affiliations:
1Palaeo-Science and History, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2600691              

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Free keywords: Eastern Mediterranean, Proxy records, Earth system models, Hydroclimatic anomalies, Subsistence crises, Accelerated adaptation, Agricultural expansion
 Abstract: Until now, proxy records have been the primary tool for quantitative reconstructions of the physical world of the ancient and late antique Mediterranean. This chapter demonstrates the combined use of proxy datasets and the hitherto underutilized potential of earth system models in the scientific and historical study of past environmental variations and impacts on human societies. Results from model simulations are able to explain hydroclimatic anomalies observed in the proxy records and provide links to relevant mechanisms. The Late Roman Dry Period and the Late Roman Wet Period of the mid-fourth to early eighth centuries AD are each associated with the increase in the frequency of subsistence crises and with the accelerated infrastructural adaptations of communities and agricultural expansion, respectively. The chapter concludes with an examination of the historical and climatic contexts behind one such anomaly, a subsistence crisis in Cappadocia in the late 300s AD.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 20212021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 28
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-81103-7_18
BibTex Citekey: shh3093
 Degree: -

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Title: Climate Change and Ancient Societies in Europe and the Near East: Diversity in Collapse and Resilience
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Erdkamp, Paul, Editor
Manning, Joseph G., Editor
Verboven, Koenraad, Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: Cham : Springer International Publishing, 1
Pages: LVI, 623 Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 533 - 560 Identifier: ISBN: 978-3-030-81103-7
ISBN: 978-3-030-81102-0
ISBN: 978-3-030-81105-1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-81103-7

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Title: Palgrave Studies in Ancient Economies
  Abbreviation : PASTAE
Source Genre: Series
 Creator(s):
Erdkamp, Paul, Editor
Hirth, Ken, Editor
Holleran, Claire, Editor
Jursa, Michael, Editor
Manning, J. G., Editor
Ray , Himanshu Prabha, Editor
Lee, Jaehwan, Editor
Liu, Guanglin William, Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2752-3292
ISSN: 2752-3306