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  From eye to arrow: Attention capture by direct gaze requires more than just the eyes

Breil, C., Huestegge, L., & Böckler, A. (2022). From eye to arrow: Attention capture by direct gaze requires more than just the eyes. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 84(1), 64-75. doi:10.3758/s13414-021-02382-2.

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Breil_Huestegge_2021.pdf (Publisher version), 739KB
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 Creators:
Breil, Christina1, 2, Author
Huestegge, Lynn1, Author
Böckler, Anne3, 4, Author              
Affiliations:
1Julius Maximilian University, Würzburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Psychology III, Julius Maximilian University, Würzburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University, Hannover, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Research Group Social Stress and Family Health, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025667              

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Free keywords: Attention capture; Direct gaze; Face perception; Social cognition; Social cues; Social interaction
 Abstract: Human attention is strongly attracted by direct gaze and sudden onset motion. The sudden direct-gaze effect refers to the processing advantage for targets appearing on peripheral faces that suddenly establish eye contact. Here, we investigate the necessity of social information for attention capture by (sudden onset) ostensive cues. Six experiments involving 204 participants applied (1) naturalistic faces, (2) arrows, (3) schematic eyes, (4) naturalistic eyes, or schematic facial configurations (5) without or (6) with head turn to an attention-capture paradigm. Trials started with two stimuli oriented towards the observer and two stimuli pointing into the periphery. Simultaneous to target presentation, one direct stimulus changed to averted and one averted stimulus changed to direct, yielding a 2 × 2 factorial design with direction and motion cues being absent or present. We replicated the (sudden) direct-gaze effect for photographic faces, but found no corresponding effects in Experiments 2-6. Hence, a holistic and socially meaningful facial context seems vital for attention capture by direct gaze. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The present study highlights the significance of context information for social attention. Our findings demonstrate that the direct-gaze effect, that is, the prioritization of direct gaze over averted gaze, critically relies on the presentation of a meaningful holistic and naturalistic facial context. This pattern of results is evidence in favor of early effects of surrounding social information on attention capture by direct gaze.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-09-202021-11-022022-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3758/s13414-021-02382-2
Other: epub 2021
PMID: 34729707
 Degree: -

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Grant ID : BO 4962/1-1
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Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

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Title: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
  Abbreviation : Atten Percept Psychophys
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Psychonomic Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 84 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 64 - 75 Identifier: ISSN: 1943-3921
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1943-3921