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  The shortlist effect: nestedness contributions as a tool to explain cultural success

Morin, O., & Sobchuk, O. (2021). The shortlist effect: nestedness contributions as a tool to explain cultural success. Evolutionary Human Sciences, 2021.48, pp. 1-27. doi:10.1017/ehs.2021.48.

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shh3100.pdf (Publisher version), 733KB
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 Creators:
Morin, Olivier1, Author           
Sobchuk, Oleg1, Author           
Affiliations:
1The Mint, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2301700              

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Free keywords: Cultural nestedness; Nestedness contribution; Content-biased selection; Cultural evolution; Cultural drift; Cultural selection; Movies.
 Abstract: Detecting the forces behind the success or failure of cultural products, such as books or films, remains a challenge. Three such forces are drift, context-biased selection, and selection based on content—when things succeed because of their intrinsic appeal. We propose a tool to study content-biased selection in sets of cultural collections—e.g. libraries or movie collections — based on the “shortlist effect”: the fact that smaller collections are more selective, more likely to favour highly appealing items over others. We use a model to show that, when the shortlist effect is at work, content-biased cultural selection is associated with greater nestedness in sets of collections. Having established empirically the existence of the shortlist effect, and of content-biased selection, in 28 sets of movie collections, we show that nestedness contributions can be used to estimate to what extent specific movies owe their success to their intrinsic properties. This method can be used in a wide range of datasets to detect the items that owe their success to their intrinsic appeal, as opposed to “hidden gems” or “accidental hits”.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-11-08
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 27
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Selection and nestedness in cultural collections
The shortlist effect and its consequences in movie collections
Discussion
Materials and methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1017/ehs.2021.48
Other: shh3100
 Degree: -

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Title: Evolutionary Human Sciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 2021.48 Start / End Page: 1 - 27 Identifier: ISSN: 2513-843X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2513-843X