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  The earliest Denisovans and their cultural adaptation

Brown, S., Massilani, D., Kozlikin, M. B., Shunkov, M. V., Derevianko, A. P., Stoessel, A., et al. (2021). The earliest Denisovans and their cultural adaptation. Nature Ecology & Evolution, s41559-021-01581-2. doi:10.1038/s41559-021-01581-2.

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pdf. - only available in the institutes network. - (last seen: Dec. 2021)

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 Creators:
Brown, Samantha1, Author              
Massilani, Diyendo, Author
Kozlikin, Maxim B., Author
Shunkov, Michael V., Author
Derevianko, Anatoly P., Author
Stoessel, Alexander2, Author              
Jope-Street, Blair3, Author              
Meyer, Matthias, Author
Kelso, Janet, Author
Pääbo, Svante, Author
Higham, Thomas, Author
Douka, Katerina1, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1FINDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541700              
2Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
3Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Biological anthropology
 Abstract: Since the initial identification of the Denisovans a decade ago, only a handful of their physical remains have been discovered. Here we analysed ~3,800 non-diagnostic bone fragments using collagen peptide mass fingerprinting to locate new hominin remains from Denisova Cave (Siberia, Russia). We identified five new hominin bones, four of which contained sufficient DNA for mitochondrial analysis. Three carry mitochondrial DNA of the Denisovan type and one was found to carry mtDNA of the Neanderthal type. The former come from the same archaeological layer near the base of the cave’s sequence and are the oldest securely dated evidence of Denisovans at 200 ka (thousand years ago) (205–192 ka at 68.2% or 217–187 ka at 95% probability). The stratigraphic context in which they were located contains a wealth of archaeological material in the form of lithics and faunal remains, allowing us to determine the material culture associated with these early hominins and explore their behavioural and environmental adaptations. The combination of bone collagen fingerprinting and genetic analyses has so far more-than-doubled the number of hominin bones at Denisova Cave and has expanded our understanding of Denisovan and Neanderthal interactions, as well as their archaeological signatures.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-11-25
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 10
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Results
- ZooMS.
- microCT analysis.
- mtDNA analysis.
Discussion
Methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41559-021-01581-2
Other: shh3103
 Degree: -

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Project name : FINDER
Grant ID : 715069
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  Abbreviation : Nat. Ecol. Evol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: s41559-021-01581-2 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2397-334X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2397-334X