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  Genomic transformation and social organization during the Copper Age–Bronze Age transition in southern Iberia

Villalba-Mouco, V., Oliart, C., Rihuete-Herrada, C., Childebayeva, A., Rohrlach, A. B., Beltrán, E. C., et al. (2021). Genomic transformation and social organization during the Copper Age–Bronze Age transition in southern Iberia. Science Advances, 7(47): eabi7038. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abi7038.

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 Creators:
Villalba-Mouco, Vanessa1, Author              
Oliart, Camila, Author
Rihuete-Herrada, Cristina, Author
Childebayeva, Ainash1, Author              
Rohrlach, Adam Ben1, Author              
Beltrán, Eva Celdrán, Author
Velasco-Felipe, Carlos, Author
Aron, Franziska2, Author              
Himmel, Marie1, Author              
Freund, Cäcilia1, Author              
Alt, Kurt W., Author
Salazar-García, Domingo C., Author
Atiénzar, Gabriel García, Author
de Ibáñez, Ma. Paz Miguel, Author
Pérez, Mauro S. Hernández, Author
Barciela, Virginia, Author
Romero, Alejandro, Author
Ponce, Juana, Author
Martínez, Andrés, Author
Lomba, Joaquín, Author
Soler, Jorge, AuthorMartínez, Ana Pujante, AuthorFernández, Azucena Avilés, AuthorHaber-Uriarte, María, Authorde Muñoz, Consuelo Roca Togores, AuthorOlalde, Iñigo, AuthorLalueza-Fox, Carles, AuthorReich, David, AuthorKrause, Johannes1, Author              Sanjuán, Leonardo García, AuthorLull, Vicente, AuthorMicó, Rafael, AuthorRisch, Roberto1, Author              Haak, Wolfgang1, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541702              

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 Abstract: The emerging Bronze Age (BA) of southeastern Iberia saw marked social changes. Late Copper Age (CA) settlements were abandoned in favor of hilltop sites, and collective graves were largely replaced by single or double burials with often distinctive grave goods indirectly reflecting a hierarchical social organization, as exemplified by the BA El Argar group. We explored this transition from a genomic viewpoint by tripling the amount of data available for this period. Concomitant with the rise of El Argar starting ~2200 cal BCE, we observe a complete turnover of Y-chromosome lineages along with the arrival of steppe-related ancestry. This pattern is consistent with a founder effect in male lineages, supported by our finding that males shared more relatives at sites than females. However, simple two-source models do not find support in some El Argar groups, suggesting additional genetic contributions from the Mediterranean that could predate the BA.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-11-17
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 20
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Results
- Genetic substructure in the Iberian CA
- Genetic turnover in the southern Iberian BA and the rise of El Argar
- Mediterranean and central European ancestries shaped the genetic profile of southeastern BA groups in Iberia
- A late Argar genetic outlier makes links to North Africa and the central Mediterranean
- Insights into phenotypic variation, demography, and social correlates of CA and EBA El Argar societies
Discussion
Material and methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abi7038
Other: shh3106
 Degree: -

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Project name : PALEoRIDER
Grant ID : 771234
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

Source 1

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Title: Science Advances
  Other : Sci. Adv.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington : AAAS
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (47) Sequence Number: eabi7038 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2375-2548
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2375-2548