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  DNA binding by an intrinsically disordered elastin-like polypeptide for assembly of phase separated nucleoprotein coacervates

Pérez, T. D., Quintana, A., De Lora, J. A., Shreve, A. P., López, G. P., & Carroll, N. J. (2021). DNA binding by an intrinsically disordered elastin-like polypeptide for assembly of phase separated nucleoprotein coacervates. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 60(48), 17408-17416. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.1c02823.

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 Creators:
Pérez, Telmo Díez, Author
Quintana, Adam, Author
De Lora, Jacqueline A.1, Author              
Shreve, Andrew P., Author
López, Gabriel P., Author
Carroll, Nick J., Author
Affiliations:
1Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society, ou_2364731              

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Free keywords: Salts, Peptides and proteins ,Genetics, Fluorescence, Phase transitions
 Abstract: The formation of condensed phase nucleoprotein assemblies, such as membraneless organelles (MLOs), that contribute to gene regulation and signaling within the cell is garnering widespread attention. A critical technical challenge is understanding how interactions between intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) and nucleic acid molecular components affect liquid–liquid phase separation (LLPS) into nucleoprotein condensates. To better understand the physics of LLPS that drive the formation of biomolecular condensates (known as coacervates), we investigate a model IDP system using a cationic elastin-like polypeptide (ELP), “E3”, that is engineered to phase separate and bind DNA upon coacervate formation. Using mean field Flory–Huggins (FH) theory, we create ternary phase diagrams to quantify DNA component partitioning within discrete protein- and solvent-rich phases across a range of salt and E3 compositions. We suggest a modified FH theory that combines canonical FH interaction parameters with an approximation of the Debye–Hückel theory to predict the strength of E3–DNA interactions and partitioning with a variable salt concentration. Finally, we establish a simple two-step DNA solution separation/purification assay to highlight the potential utility of our system. This model LLPS biopolymer platform represents an important chemical engineering-based contribution to synthetic biology and DNA technologies, with possible implications for origin of life discussions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-11-142021-07-152021-11-142021-11-23
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 8
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.1c02823
 Degree: -

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Title: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : ACS Publ.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 60 (48) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 17408 - 17416 Identifier: ISSN: 0888-5885