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  Enhancing crop diversity for food security in the face of climate uncertainty

Zsögön, A., Peres, L. E. P., Xiao, Y., Yan, J., & Fernie, A. R. (2021). Enhancing crop diversity for food security in the face of climate uncertainty. The Plant Journal, 109(2), 402-414. doi:10.1111/tpj.15626.

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Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : The Plant Journal

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Zsögön, Agustin1, Author
Peres, Lázaro E. P.1, Author
Xiao, Yingjie1, Author
Yan, Jianbing1, Author
Fernie, A. R.2, Author              
Affiliations:
1external, ou_persistent22              
2Central Metabolism, Department Willmitzer, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society, ou_1753339              

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 Abstract: Summary Global agriculture is dominated by a handful of species that currently supply a huge proportion of our food and feed. It additionally faces the massive challenge of providing food for 10 billion by 2050 despite increasing environmental deterioration. One way to better plan production in the face of current and continuing climate change is to better understand how our domestication of these crops included their adaptation to environments that were highly distinct from those of their centre of origin. There are many prominent examples of this including the development of temperate maize and the alteration of daylength requirements in potato. Despite the pre-eminence of some 15 crops, more than 50,000 species are edible, with 7,000 of these considered semi-cultivated. Opportunities afforded by next generation sequencing technologies alongside other methods including metabolomics and high-throughput phenotyping are starting to contribute to a better characterization of a handful of these species. Moreover, the first examples of de novo domestication have appeared, whereby key target genes are modified in a wild species in order to confer predictable traits of agronomic value. Here we review the scale of the challenge, drawing extensively on the characterization of past agriculture to suggest informed strategies on which the breeding of future climate resilient crops can be based.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-12-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/tpj.15626
 Degree: -

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Title: The Plant Journal
  Other : Plant J.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Blackwell Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 109 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 402 - 414 Identifier: ISSN: 0960-7412
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925579095_1