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  31P Transversal Relaxation Times and Metabolite Concentrations in the Human Brain at 9.4T

Dorst, J., Borbath, T., Ruhm, L., & Henning, A. (submitted). 31P Transversal Relaxation Times and Metabolite Concentrations in the Human Brain at 9.4T.

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 Creators:
Dorst, J1, 2, Author              
Borbath, T1, 2, Author              
Ruhm, L1, 2, Author              
Henning, A1, 2, Author              
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1Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528692              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: A method to estimate phosphorus (31P) transversal relaxation times (T2) of coupled spin systems is demonstrated. Additionally, intracellular and extracellular pH (pHext, pHint) and relaxation corrected metabolite concentrations are reported. Echo time (TE) series of 31P metabolite spectra were acquired using STEAM localization. Spectra were fitted using LCModel with accurately modeled Vespa basis sets accounting for J-evolution of the coupled spin systems. T2s were estimated by fitting a single exponential two-parameter model across the TE series. Fitted inorganic phosphate frequencies were used to calculate pH, and relaxation times were used to determine the brain metabolite concentrations. The method was demonstrated in the healthy human brain at a field strength of 9.4T. T2 relaxation times of ATP and NAD are the shortest between 8 ms and 20 ms, followed by T2s of inorganic phosphate between 25 ms and 50 ms, and PCr with a T2 of 100 ms. Phosphomonoesters and –diesters have the longest T2s of about 130 ms. Measured T2s are comparable to literature values and fit in a decreasing trend with increasing field strengths. Calculated pHs and metabolite concentrations are also comparable to literature values.

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 Dates: 2021-12
 Publication Status: Submitted
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1101/2021.12.28.47433
 Degree: -

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