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  Point Absorber Limits to Future Gravitational-Wave Detectors

Jia, W., Yamamoto, H., Kuns, K., Effler, A., Evans, M., Fritschel, P., et al. (2021). Point Absorber Limits to Future Gravitational-Wave Detectors. Physical Review Letters, 127: 241102. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.241102.

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Jia, W., Author
Yamamoto, H., Author
Kuns, K., Author
Effler, A., Author
Evans, M., Author
Fritschel, P., Author
Abbott, R., Author
Adams, C., Author
Adhikari, R. X., Author
Ananyeva, A., Author
Appert, S., Author
Arai, K., Author
Areeda, J. S., Author
Asali, Y., Author
Aston, S. M., Author
Austin, C., Author
Baer, A. M., Author
Ball, M., Author
Ballmer, S. W., Author
Banagiri, S., Author
Barker, D., AuthorBarsotti, L., AuthorBartlett, J., AuthorBerger, B. K., AuthorBetzwieser, J., AuthorBhattacharjee, D., AuthorBillingsley, G., AuthorBiscans, S., AuthorBlair, C. D., AuthorBlair, R. M., AuthorBode, N.1, Author              Booker , P.1, AuthorBork, R., AuthorBramley, A., AuthorBrooks, A. F., AuthorBrown, D. D., AuthorBuikema, A., AuthorCahillane, C., AuthorCannon, K. C., AuthorChen, X., AuthorCiobanu, A. A., AuthorClara, F., AuthorCompton, C. M., AuthorCooper, S. J., AuthorCorley, K. R., AuthorCountryman, S. T., AuthorCovas, P. B., AuthorCoyne, D. C., AuthorDatrier, L. E. H., AuthorDavis, D., AuthorDi Fronzo, C., AuthorDooley, K. L., AuthorDriggers, J. C., AuthorDupej, P., AuthorDwyer, S. E., AuthorEtzel, T., AuthorEvans, T. M., AuthorFeicht, J., AuthorFernandez-Galiana, A., AuthorFrolov, V. V., AuthorFulda, P., AuthorFyffe, M., AuthorGiaime, J. A., AuthorGiardina, K. D., AuthorGodwin, P., AuthorGoetz, E., AuthorGras, S., AuthorGray, C., AuthorGray, R., AuthorGreen, A. C., AuthorGustafson, E. K., AuthorGustafson, R., AuthorHall, E., AuthorHanks, J., AuthorHanson, J., AuthorHardwick, T., AuthorHasskew, R. K., AuthorHeintze, M. C., AuthorHelmling-Cornell, A. F., AuthorHolland, N. A., AuthorJones, J. D., AuthorKandhasamy, S., AuthorKarki, S., AuthorKasprzack, M., AuthorKawabe, K., AuthorKijbunchoo, N., AuthorKing, P. J., AuthorKissel, J. S., AuthorKumar, Rahul, AuthorLandry, M., AuthorLane, B. B., AuthorLantz, B., AuthorLaxen, M., AuthorLecoeuche, Y. K., AuthorLeviton, J., AuthorLiu, J.1, Author              Lormand, M., AuthorLundgren, A. P., AuthorMacas, R., AuthorMacInnis, M., AuthorMacleod, D. M., AuthorMansell, G. L., AuthorMárka, S., AuthorMárka, Z., AuthorMartynov, D. V., AuthorMason, K., AuthorMassinger, T. J., AuthorMatichard, F., AuthorMavalvala, N., AuthorMcCarthy, R., AuthorMcClelland, D. E., AuthorMcCormick, S., AuthorMcCuller, L., AuthorMcIver, J., AuthorMcRae, T., AuthorMendell, G., AuthorMerfeld, K., AuthorMerilh, E. L., AuthorMeylahn, F.1, Author              Mistry, T., AuthorMittleman, R., AuthorMoreno, G., AuthorMow-Lowry, C. M., AuthorMozzon, S., AuthorMullavey, A., AuthorNelson, T. J. N., AuthorNguyen, P., AuthorNuttall, L. K., AuthorOberling, J., AuthorOram, Richard J., AuthorOsthelder, C., AuthorOttaway, D. J., AuthorOvermier, H., AuthorPalamos, J. R., AuthorParker, W., AuthorPayne, E., AuthorPele, A., AuthorPenhorwood, R., AuthorPerez, C. J., AuthorPirello, M., AuthorRadkins, H., AuthorRamirez, K. E., AuthorRichardson, J. W., AuthorRiles, K., AuthorRobertson, N. A., AuthorRollins, J. G., AuthorRomel, C. L., AuthorRomie, J. H., AuthorRoss, M. P., AuthorRyan, K., AuthorSadecki, T., AuthorSanchez, E. J., AuthorSanchez, L. E., AuthorSaravanan, T. R., AuthorSavage, R. L., AuthorSchaetzl, D., AuthorSchnabel, R., AuthorSchofield, R. M. S., AuthorSchwartz, E., AuthorSellers, D., AuthorShaffer, T., AuthorSigg, D., AuthorSlagmolen, B. J. J., AuthorSmith, J. R., AuthorSoni, S., AuthorSorazu, B., AuthorSpencer, A. P., AuthorStrain, K. A., AuthorSun, L., AuthorSzczepańczyk, M. J., AuthorThomas, M., AuthorThomas, P., AuthorThorne, K. A., AuthorToland, K., AuthorTorrie, C. I., AuthorTraylor, G., AuthorTse, M., AuthorUrban, A. L., AuthorVajente, G., AuthorValdes, G., AuthorVander-Hyde, D. C., AuthorVeitch, P. J., AuthorVenkateswara, K., AuthorVenugopalan, G., AuthorViets, A. D., AuthorVo, T., AuthorVorvick, C., AuthorWade, M., AuthorWard, R. L., AuthorWarner, J., AuthorWeaver, B., AuthorWeiss, R., AuthorWhittle, C., AuthorWillke, B.1, Author              Wipf, C. C., AuthorXiao, L., AuthorYu, Hang, AuthorYu, Haocun, AuthorZhang, L., AuthorZucker, M. E., AuthorZweizig, J., Author more..
Affiliations:
1Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24010              

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Free keywords: Physics, Instrumentation and Detectors, physics.ins-det, Astrophysics, Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics, astro-ph.IM
 Abstract: High-quality optical resonant cavities require low optical loss, typically on the scale of parts per million. However, unintended micron-scale contaminants on the resonator mirrors that absorb the light circulating in the cavity can deform the surface thermoelastically, and thus increase losses by scattering light out of the resonant mode. The point absorber effect is a limiting factor in some high-power cavity experiments, for example, the Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detector. In this Letter, we present a general approach to the point absorber effect from first principles and simulate its contribution to the increased scattering. The achievable circulating power in current and future gravitational-wave detectors is calculated statistically given different point absorber configurations. Our formulation is further confirmed experimentally in comparison with the scattered power in the arm cavity of Advanced LIGO measured by in-situ photodiodes. The understanding presented here provides an important tool in the global effort to design future gravitational wave detectors that support high optical power, and thus reduce quantum noise.

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 Dates: 2021-09-172021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 7 pages, 3 figures
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 2109.08743
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.241102
 Degree: -

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Title: Physical Review Letters
  Abbreviation : Phys. Rev. Lett.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Woodbury, N.Y. : American Physical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 127 Sequence Number: 241102 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0031-9007
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925433406_1