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  Role of counterions in the adsorption and micellization behavior of 1:1 ionic surfactants at fluid interfaces─demonstrated by the standard amphiphile system of alkali perfluoro-n-octanoates

Lunkenheimer, K., Prescher, D., & Geggel, K. (2022). Role of counterions in the adsorption and micellization behavior of 1:1 ionic surfactants at fluid interfaces─demonstrated by the standard amphiphile system of alkali perfluoro-n-octanoates. Langmuir, 38(3), 891-902. doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c00527.

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Lunkenheimer, Klaus1, Author              
Prescher, Dietrich1, Author
Geggel, Katrina1, Author
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1Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1863284              

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 Abstract: In our latest communication, we proved experimentally that the ionic surfactant’s surface excess is exclusively determined by the size of the hydrated counterion.[Lunkenheimer, Langmuir, 2017, 33, 10216−1022410.1021/acs.langmuir.7b00786]. However, at this stage of research, we were unable to decide whether this does only hold for the two or three lightest ions of lithium, sodium, and potassium, respectively. Alternatively, we could also consider the surface excess of the heavier hydrated alkali ions of potassium, rubidium, and cesium, having practically identical ion size, as being determined by the cross-sectional area of the related anionic extended chain residue. The latter assumption has represented state of art. Searching for reliable experimental results on the effect of the heavier counterions on the boundary layer, we have extended investigations to the amphiphiles’ solutions of concentrations above the critical concentration of micelle formation (cmc).We provided evidence that the super-micellar solutions’ equilibrium surface tension will remain constant provided the required conditions are followed. The related σ<sub>cmc</sub-value represents a parameter characteristic of the ionic surfactant’s adsorption and micellization behavior. Evaluating the amphiphile’s surface excess obtained from adsorption as a function of the related amphiphile’s σ<sub>cmc</sub-value enables you to calculate the radius of the hydrated counterion valid in sub- and super-micellar solution likewise. The σ<sub>cmc</sub-value is directly proportional to the counterion’s diameter concerned. Taking additionally into account the radii of naked ions known from crystal research, we succeeded in exactly discriminating the hydrated alkali ions’ size from each other. There is a distinct sequence of hydration radii in absolute scale following the inequality, Li<sup>+</sup> > Na<sup>+</sup> > K<sup>+</sup> > (NH<sub>4</sub>)<sup>+</sup> > Rb<sup>+</sup> > Cs<sup>+</sup>. Therefore, we have to extend our model of counterion effectiveness put forward in our previous communication. It represents a general principle of the counterion effect.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-01-072022
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c00527
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Title: Langmuir
  Abbreviation : Langmuir
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Columbus, OH : American Chemical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 38 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 891 - 902 Identifier: ISSN: 0743-7463