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  Understanding the self in relation to others: Infants spontaneously map another's face to their own at 16–26 months

Kampis, D., Grosse Wiesmann, C., Koop, S., & Southgate, V. (2021). Understanding the self in relation to others: Infants spontaneously map another's face to their own at 16–26 months. Developmental Science. doi:10.1111/desc.13197.

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 Creators:
Kampis, Dora1, Author
Grosse Wiesmann, Charlotte1, 2, Author              
Koop, Sarah3, Author
Southgate, Victoria1, Author
Affiliations:
1Centre for Early Childhood Cognition, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
3Department of Psychology, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Self-other alignment; Self-other comparison; Self-other map; Self-other relation; Social self; Sticker task
 Abstract: The current study probed whether infants understand themselves in relation to others. Infants aged 16-26 months (n = 102) saw their parent wearing a sticker on their forehead or cheek, depending on experimental condition, placed unwitnessed by the child. Infants then received a sticker themselves, and their spontaneous behavior was coded. Regardless of age, from 16 months, all infants who placed the sticker on their cheek or forehead, placed it on the location on their own face matching their parent's placement. This shows that infants as young as 16 months of age have an internal map of their face in relation to others that they can use to guide their behavior. Whether infants placed the sticker on the matching location was related to other measures associated with self-concept development (the use of their own name and mirror self-recognition), indicating that it may reflect a social aspect of children's developing self-concept, namely their understanding of themselves in relation and comparison to others. About half of the infants placed the sticker on themselves, while others put it elsewhere in the surrounding, indicating an additional motivational component to bring about on themselves the state, which they observed on their parent. Together, infants' placement of the sticker in our task suggests an ability to compare, and motivation to align, self and others.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-11-26
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/desc.13197
Other: online ahead of print
PMID: 34826359
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Project name : -
Grant ID : DEVOMIND 726114
Funding program : -
Funding organization : European Research Council
Project name : -
Grant ID : ToMSelfLink 799734
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Marie Słodowska-Curie Fellowship

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Title: Developmental Science
  Other : Dev. Sci.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford, UK : Blackwell
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1363-755X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/963018343339