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  Alternative metabolic strategies are employed by endurance runners of different body sizes; implications for Human Evolution

Longman, D. P., Merzbach, V., Pinto, J. M., Atkinson, L. H., Wells, J. C. K., Gordon, D., et al. (2022). Alternative metabolic strategies are employed by endurance runners of different body sizes; implications for Human Evolution. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, s40750-021-00183-3. doi:10.1007/s40750-021-00183-3.

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shh3128.pdf (Publisher version), 1006KB
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 Creators:
Longman, Daniel P., Author
Merzbach, Viviane, Author
Pinto, Jorge Marques, Author
Atkinson, Laura Hope, Author
Wells, Jonathan C. K., Author
Gordon, Dan, Author
Stock, Jay T.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Evolution, Endurance running, Running economy, Energetics
 Abstract: A suite of adaptations facilitating endurance running (ER) evolved within the hominin lineage. This may have improved our ability to reach scavenging sites before competitors, or to hunt prey over long distances. Running economy (RE) is a key determinant of endurance running performance, and depends largely on the magnitude of force required to support body mass. However, numerous environmental factors influence body mass, thereby significantly affecting RE. This study tested the hypothesis that alternative metabolic strategies may have emerged to enable ER in individuals with larger body mass and poor RE.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-01-10
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 19
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
- Humans as Endurance Runners
- Influence of Environmental Factors on Running Economy
- Body Mass and Metabolic Approaches to Endurance Running
Methods
- Study Design
- Submaximal Treadmill Protocol
- V̇O2max Protocol
- Blood Lactate and Glucose Analysis
- Pulmonary Gas Exchange Responses
- Statistics
Results
- Descriptive Statistics
- Body Mass, RE and V̇O2Max
- V̇O2 Max and RE
Discussion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s40750-021-00183-3
Other: shh3128
 Degree: -

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Title: Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Springer International Publishing
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: s40750-021-00183-3 Start / End Page: - Identifier: Other: 2198-7335
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2198-7335