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  Stronger prejudices are associated with decreased model-based control

Sebold, M., Chen, H., Önal, A., Kuitunen-Paul, S., Mojtahedzadeh, N., Garbusow, M., et al. (2022). Stronger prejudices are associated with decreased model-based control. Frontiers in Psychology, 12: 767022. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.767022.

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 Creators:
Sebold, Miriam1, 2, Author
Chen, Hao3, Author
Önal, Aleyna1, Author
Kuitunen-Paul, Sören4, 5, Author
Mojtahedzadeh, Negin3, Author
Garbusow, Maria1, Author
Nebe, Stephan6, Author
Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich7, Author
Huys, Quentin J. M.8, 9, Author
Schlagenhauf, Florian1, 10, Author              
Rapp, Michael A.2, Author
Smolka, Michael N.3, Author
Heinz, Andreas1, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Potsdam, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Neuroimaging Center, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Zurich Center for Neuroeconomics (ZNE), University of Zurich, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
7Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Germany, ou_persistent22              
8Division of Psychiatry, University College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
9Max Planck UCL Centre for Computational Psychiatry and Ageing Research, London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
10Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              

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Free keywords: Computational modeling; Decision-making; Immigrant; Reinforcement learning; Social behavior; Subtle and blatant prejudice
 Abstract: Background: Prejudices against minorities can be understood as habitually negative evaluations that are kept in spite of evidence to the contrary. Therefore, individuals with strong prejudices might be dominated by habitual or "automatic" reactions at the expense of more controlled reactions. Computational theories suggest individual differences in the balance between habitual/model-free and deliberative/model-based decision-making. Methods: 127 subjects performed the two Step task and completed the blatant and subtle prejudice scale. Results: By using analyses of choices and reaction times in combination with computational modeling, subjects with stronger blatant prejudices showed a shift away from model-based control. There was no association between these decision-making processes and subtle prejudices. Conclusion: These results support the idea that blatant prejudices toward minorities are related to a relative dominance of habitual decision-making. This finding has important implications for developing interventions that target to change prejudices across societies.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-08-302021-11-292022-01-05
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.767022
Other: eCollection 2021
PMID: 35069341
PMC: PMC8767058
 Degree: -

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Project name : -
Grant ID : HE 2597/13-1; HE 2597/15-1; SM 80/7-1; HE 2597/13-2; SM 80/7-2; RA 1047/2-2; SCHL 1969/2-2; SCHL 1969/5-1; WI 709/10-1
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
Project name : -
Grant ID : ZMVI1-2516DSM223
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Bundesministerium für Gesundheit (BMG)
Project name : -
Grant ID : 100362999
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Sächsische Aufbaubank
Project name : -
Grant ID : FK-19-020
Funding program : -
Funding organization : University of Zurich

Source 1

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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 Sequence Number: 767022 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078