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  Environmentally persistent free radicals in indoor particulate matter, dust, and on surfaces

Filippi, A., Sheu, R., Berkemeier, T., Pöschl, U., Tong, H., & Gentner, D. R. (2022). Environmentally persistent free radicals in indoor particulate matter, dust, and on surfaces. Environmental science: Atmospheres. doi:10.1039/D1EA00075F.

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Filippi, A.1, Author           
Sheu, R., Author
Berkemeier, T.1, Author           
Pöschl, U.1, Author           
Tong, H.1, Author           
Gentner , D. R., Author
Affiliations:
1Multiphase Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826290              

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 Abstract: Environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFR) are an emerging class of constituents in particulate matter (PM). They are relatively stable with lifetimes of days to years in the condensed phase, influence PM toxicity, and are involved in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and multiphase chemistry. The abundance of EPFR has been investigated in laboratory studies and outdoor locations globally, but their prevalence indoors was previously unstudied. In a case study home, EPFR were present at similar concentrations in indoor and outdoor PM, at 2.3 ± 2.8 × 1012 and 3.6 ± 3.1 × 1012 spins m−3, respectively. Indoor EPFR were observed at varying concentrations in airborne PM, dust, and surface samples, with the most concentrated surface loadings observed on windows. Overall, dust and indoor surfaces were estimated to be larger contributors to total in-home EPFR concentrations than PM. For comparison, combined estimates of total EPFR concentrations in indoor PM, dust, and on surfaces are similar to the range of typical indoor ozone concentrations. Due to the reactive nature of EPFR, they potentially undergo rapid cycling and may represent reservoirs of reactivity in these multiphase systems that influence the surface and multiphase chemistry of indoor environments. Here, the exposure of EPFR collected from some surfaces to nitrogen dioxide or ozone was shown to alter EPFR abundances and composition. In all, these results support further investigations of EPFR abundance, composition, and reactivity on indoor surfaces, including in accumulated organic coatings and dust.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-01-07
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1039/D1EA00075F
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Title: Environmental science: Atmospheres
  Abbreviation : Environ. Sci.: Atmos.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry
Pages: 9 Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2634-3606