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  Demography, trade and state power: a tripartite model of medieval farming/language dispersals in the Ryukyu Islands

Jarosz, A., Robbeets, M., Fernandes, R., Takamiya, H., Shinzato, A., Nakamura, N., et al. (2022). Demography, trade and state power: a tripartite model of medieval farming/language dispersals in the Ryukyu Islands. Evolutionary Human Sciences, 2022.1, 1-39. doi:10.1017/ehs.2022.1.

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 Creators:
Jarosz, Aleksandra, Author
Robbeets, Martine1, 2, Author              
Fernandes, Ricardo2, Author              
Takamiya, Hiroto, Author
Shinzato, Akito, Author
Nakamura, Naoko, Author
Shinoto, Maria, Author
Hudson, Mark1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeolinguistics Research Group, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3367852              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: farming/language dispersals; trade; state space; Middle Ages; Ryukyu Islands
 Abstract: Hunter-gatherer occupations of small islands are rare in world prehistory and it is widely accepted that island settlement is facilitated by agriculture. The Ryukyu Islands contradict that understanding on two counts: not only did they have a long history of hunter-gatherer settlement, they also have a very late date for the onset of agriculture, which only reached the archipelago between the 8th and 13th centuries AD. Here, we combine archaeology and linguistics to propose a tripartite model for the spread of agriculture and Ryukyuan languages to the Ryukyu Islands. Employing demographic growth, trade/piracy and the political influence of neighbouring states, this model provides a synthetic yet flexible understanding of farming/language dispersals in the Ryukyus within the complex historical background of medieval East Asia.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-01-26
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 39
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Methods
Results
- Archaeological Approach
-- Demographic growth
-- Trade/piracy
-- State intervention
- Linguistic Approach
-- Linguistic inferences about the most probable tree structure
-- Linguistic inferences about the most probable homeland of Proto-Ryukyuan
-- Linguistic inferences about the most probable break-up time of Proto-Kyushu-Ryukyuan
-- Inferences about the most probable linguistic outcome of the migration
Discussion
Conclusions
 Rev. Type: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1017/ehs.2022.1
Other: shh3139
 Degree: -

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Title: Evolutionary Human Sciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 2022.1 Start / End Page: 1 - 39 Identifier: ISSN: 2513-843X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2513-843X