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  The appreciation of wine by sommeliers: a functional magnetic resonance study of sensory integration

Castriota-Scanderbeg, A., Hagberg, G., Cerasa, A., Committeri, G., Galati, G., Patria, F., et al. (2005). The appreciation of wine by sommeliers: a functional magnetic resonance study of sensory integration. NeuroImage, 25(2), 570-578. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.11.045.

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Castriota-Scanderbeg, A, Author
Hagberg, GE1, Author              
Cerasa, A, Author
Committeri, G, Author
Galati, G, Author
Patria, F, Author
Pitzalis, S, Author
Caltagirone, C, Author
Frackowiak, R, Author
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: We set out to investigate how the expertise of a sommelier is embodied in neural circuitry by comparing brain activity elicited by wine tasting with that found in naïve drinkers of wine. We used fMRI to study 7 sommeliers and 7 age- and sex-matched control subjects to test the hypothesis that any difference in brain activity would reflect a learned ability to integrate information from gustatory and olfactory senses with past experience. A group analysis showed activation of a cerebral network involving the left insula and adjoining orbito-frontal cortex in sommeliers. Both these areas have been implicated in gustatory/olfactory integration in primates. In addition, activation was found bilaterally in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is implicated in high-level cognitive processes such as working memory and selection of behavioral strategies. Naïve individuals activated the primary gustatory cortex and brain areas, including the amygdala, implicated in emotional processing.

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 Dates: 2005-04
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.11.045
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Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, FL : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 25 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 570 - 578 Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650166