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  Personality pathways to aggression: testing a trait-state model using immersive technology

Van Gelder, J.-L., De Vries, R. E., Van Sintemaartensdijk, I., & Donker, T. (2022). Personality pathways to aggression: testing a trait-state model using immersive technology. Criminology, 1-23. doi:10.1111/1745-9125.12305.

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Criminology - 2022 - Gelder - Personality pathways to aggression Testing a traitstate model using immersive technology.pdf (Any fulltext), 416KB
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Criminology - 2022 - Gelder - Personality pathways to aggression Testing a traitstate model using immersive technology.pdf
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This is an open access article under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivsLicense, which permitsuse and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications oradaptations are made.© 2022 The Authors
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 Creators:
Van Gelder, Jean-Louis1, Author              
De Vries, Reinout E., Author
Van Sintemaartensdijk, Iris, Author
Donker, Tara, Author
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1Criminology, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law, Max Planck Society, ou_2489695              

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 Abstract: Trait-state models aim to provide an encompassing view of offender decision-making processes by linking individual dispositions to proximal factors. In an experiment using an immersive virtual reality bar fight scenario, we propose and test a trait-state model that identifies the pathways through which robust personality correlates of aggressive behavior, that is, agreeableness, emotionality, and honesty-humility, result in intentions to aggress. Using structural equation modeling, we show how these personality traits relate to intentions to aggress via anger, fear, perceived risk, and anticipated guilt/shame. Additionally, we demonstrate superior validity of our virtual scenario over a written version of the same scenario by virtue of its ability to provide more contextual realism, to establish a stronger sense of presence, and to trigger more intense emotional states relevant to the decision situation. Implications for future decision-making research and theory are discussed.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-03-06
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/1745-9125.12305
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Title: Criminology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 23 Identifier: -