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  Coring, profiling, and trenching: archaeological field strategies for investigating the Pleistocene-Holocene-Anthropocene continuum

Rick, T., Alsharekh, A. M., Braje, T. J., Crowther, A., Erlandson, J. M., Fuller, D. Q., et al. (2022). Coring, profiling, and trenching: archaeological field strategies for investigating the Pleistocene-Holocene-Anthropocene continuum. Quaternary International, 2022.02.011. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2022.02.011.

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 Creators:
Rick, Torben1, Author              
Alsharekh, Abdullah M., Author
Braje, Todd J., Author
Crowther, Alison1, Author              
Erlandson, Jon M., Author
Fuller, Dorian Q.1, Author              
Gill, Kristina M., Author
Groucutt, Huw S.1, 2, Author              
Guagnin, Maria1, Author              
Helm, Richard, Author
Hofman, Courtney A., Author
Horton, Mark1, Author              
Kay, Andrea1, Author              
Korisettar, Ravi, Author
Radimilahy, Chantal, Author
Reeder-Myers, Leslie, Author
Shipton, Ceri, Author
Wright, Henry T., Author
Petraglia, Michael1, Author              
Boivin, Nicole1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2Max Planck Research Group Extreme Events, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3262629              

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Free keywords: Excavation, Sampling, Environmental archaeology, Zooarchaeology, Geoarchaeology, Low-impact archaeology
 Abstract: Archaeologists have long emphasized the importance of large-scale excavations and multi-year or even decades-long projects at a single site or site complex. Here, we highlight archaeological field strategies, termed coring, profiling, and trenching (CPT), that rely on relatively small-scale excavations or the collection of new samples from intact deposits in previously excavated trenches (aka test units or pits). Examples from multiple sites in Africa, Asia, and North America demonstrate that CPT is highly effective for obtaining high-resolution archaeobiological and geoarchaeological samples (e.g., faunal and botanical remains, sediments) and artefacts from areas that have seen limited or no archaeological research, little systematic application of archaeological science methods, or research only on a relatively narrow time period or geographic scale. Designed to complement large-scale excavations at single sites, CPT is ideal for multi-scalar research that works in tandem with remote sensing techniques, providing samples for detailed laboratory analyses and offering a bridge between surface surveys and large-scale excavation. Given the threats facing archaeological sites around the world from climate change and human development, as well as financial, training and infrastructure constraints, and concerns from many Indigenous communities about large excavations, we argue that CPT is an important method for addressing 21st century human-environmental research questions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-03-03
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 17
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
2. Defining coring, profiling, and trenching
3. CPT in practice
3.1. Sealinks Project in eastern Africa
3.2. Domestication in India
3.3. Palaeodeserts in Arabia
3.4. Historical ecology of California's Channel Islands
4. Summary and conclusions
 Rev. Type: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2022.02.011
Other: shh3161
 Degree: -

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Title: Quaternary International
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 2022.02.011 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1040-6182
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925588348