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  When it pays off to take a look: Infants learn to follow an object’s motion with their gaze — Especially if it features eyes

Michel, C., Pauen, S., & Hoehl, S. (2022). When it pays off to take a look: Infants learn to follow an object’s motion with their gaze — Especially if it features eyes. Infancy. doi:10.1111/infa.12464.

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 Creators:
Michel, Christine1, 2, Author           
Pauen, Sabina3, Author
Hoehl, Stefanie4, Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Early Social Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2355694              
2Faculty of Education, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Psychology, University of Heidelberg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Faculty of Psychology, University Vienna, Austria, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Social cues and instrumental learning are two aspects potentially fostering early gaze following. We systematically investigated the influence of social features (schematic eyes vs. reverse-contrast eyes) and gaze-contingent reinforcement (elicited vs. not elicited) on 4-month-olds' learning to attend to gaze-cued objects. In 4 experiments, we tested infants' (N = 74) gaze following of a turning block with schematic or reverse-contrast eyes. In Experiments 1 and 2, infants could elicit an attractive animation in a training phase via interactive eye tracking by following the turning of the block. Experiments 3 and 4 were yoked controls without contingent reinforcement. Infants did not spontaneously follow the motion of the block. Four-month-olds always followed the block after training when it featured schematic eyes. When the block featured reverse-contrast eyes, the training phase only affected infants' looking behavior without reinforcement. While speaking to a certain degree of plasticity, findings stress the importance of eyes for guiding infants' attention.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-03-09
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/infa.12464
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Grant ID : HO 4342/2-3
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Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

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Title: Infancy
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Malden, Mass : Wiley
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1532-7078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/957956311003