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  Constraints on r-modes and mountains on millisecond neutron stars in binary systems

Covas, P. B., Papa, M. A., Prix, R., & Owen, B. J. (2022). Constraints on r-modes and mountains on millisecond neutron stars in binary systems. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 929(2): L19. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ac62d7.

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Covas, P. B.1, Author              
Papa, M. A.1, Author              
Prix, R.1, Author              
Owen , B. J., Author
Affiliations:
1Searching for Continuous Gravitational Waves, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_2630691              

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Free keywords: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc, Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, astro-ph.HE
 Abstract: Continuous gravitational waves are nearly monochromatic signals emitted by asymmetries in rotating neutron stars. These signals have not yet been detected. Deep all-sky searches for continuous gravitational waves from isolated neutron stars require significant computational expense. Deep searches for neutron stars in binary systems are even more expensive, but potentially these targets are more promising emitters, especially in the hundreds-Hz region, where ground-based gravitational wave detectors are most sensitive. We present here an all-sky search for continuous signals with frequency between 300 and 500 Hz, from neutron stars in binary systems with orbital period between 15 and 60 days, and projected semi-major axis between 10 and 40 light-seconds. This is the only binary search on Advanced-LIGO data that probes this frequency range. Compared to previous results, our search is over an order of magnitude more sensitive. We do not detect any signals, but our results exclude plausible and unexplored neutron star configurations, for example, neutron stars with relative deformations greater than 3e-6 within 1 kpc from Earth and r-mode emission at the amplitude level of ~ 1e-4 within the same distance.

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 Dates: 2022-03-032022-03-162022
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 11 pages, 11 figures
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 2203.01773
DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac62d7
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Title: The Astrophysical Journal Letters
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 929 (2) Sequence Number: L19 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -