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  Endothelial Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptor 4 Regulates Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability and Promotes a Homeostatic Endothelial Phenotype

Hansen, L., Lohfink, N., Vutukuri, R., Kestner, R.-I., Trautmann, S., Hecht, M., et al. (2022). Endothelial Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptor 4 Regulates Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability and Promotes a Homeostatic Endothelial Phenotype. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 42(10), 1908-1929. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0188-21.2021.

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Hansen, Lena, Author
Lohfink, Niklas, Author
Vutukuri, Rajkumar, Author
Kestner, Roxane-Isabelle, Author
Trautmann, Sandra, Author
Hecht, Max, Author
Wagner, Pia Viktoria, Author
Spitzer, Daniel, Author
Khel, Maryam Ibrahim, Author
Macas, Jadranka, Author
Ferreiros, Nerea, Author
Gurke, Robert, Author
Guenther, Stefan1, Author              
Pfeilschifter, Waltraud, Author
Devraj, Kavi, Author
Affiliations:
1Cardiac Development and Remodeling, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Max Planck Society, ou_2591695              

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 Abstract: The precise regulation of blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability for immune cells and blood-borne substances is essential to maintain brain homeostasis. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a lipid signaling molecule enriched in plasma, is known to affect BBB permeability. Previous studies focused on endothelial S1P receptors 1 and 2, reporting a barrier-protective effect of S1P1 and a barrier-disruptive effect of S1P2. Here, we present novel data characterizing the expression, localization, and function of the S1P receptor 4 (S1P4) on primary brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs). Hitherto, the receptor was deemed to be exclusively immune cell associated. We detected a robust expression of S1P4 in homeostatic murine BMECs (MBMECs), bovine BMECs (BBMECs), and porcine BMECs (PBMECs) and pinpointed its localization to abluminal endothelial membranes via immunoblotting of fractionated brain endothelial membrane fragments. Apical S1P treatment of BMECs tightened the endothelial barrier in vitro, whereas basolateral S1P treatment led to an increased permeability that correlated with S1P4 downregulation. Likewise, downregulation of S1P4 was observed in mouse brain microvessels (MBMVs) after stroke, a neurologic dis-ease associated with BBB impairment. RNA sequencing and qPCR analysis of BMECs suggested the involvement of S1P4 in endothelial homeostasis and barrier function. Using S1P4 knock-out (KO) mice and S1P4 siRNA as well as pharmacological agonists and antagonists of S1P4 both in vitro and in vivo, we demonstrate an overall barrier-protec-tive function of S1P4. We therefore suggest S1P4 as a novel target regulating BBB permeability and propose its thera-peutic potential in CNS diseases associated with BBB dysfunction.

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 Dates: 2021-12-132022-03-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
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Title: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 42 (10) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1908 - 1929 Identifier: ISSN: 0270-6474