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  Velocity vector reconstruction for real‐time phase‐contrast MRI with radial Maxwell correction

Kollmeier, J. M., Kalentev, O., Klosowski, J., Voit, D., & Frahm, J. (2022). Velocity vector reconstruction for real‐time phase‐contrast MRI with radial Maxwell correction. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 87(87), 1863-1875. doi:10.1002/mrm.29108.

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Kollmeier, J. M.1, Author
Kalentev, O.1, Author
Klosowski, J.1, Author
Voit, D.1, Author
Frahm, J.1, Author           
Affiliations:
1Research Group of Biomedical NMR, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578633              

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 Abstract: Purpose

To develop an auto-calibrated image reconstruction for highly accelerated multi-directional phase-contrast (PC) MRI that compensates for (1) reconstruction instabilities occurring for phase differences near urn:x-wiley:07403194:media:mrm29108:mrm29108-math-0003 and (2) phase errors by concomitant magnetic fields that differ for individual radial spokes.
Theory and Methods

A model-based image reconstruction for real-time PC MRI based on nonlinear inversion is extended to multi-directional flow by exploiting multiple flow-encodings for the estimation of velocity vectors. An initial smoothing constraint during iterative optimization is introduced to resolve the ambiguity of the solution space by penalizing phase wraps. Maxwell terms are considered as part of the signal model on a line-by-line basis to address phase errors by concomitant magnetic fields. The reconstruction methods are evaluated using simulated data and cross-sectional imaging of a rotating-disc, as well as in vivo for the aortic arch and cervical spinal canal at 3T.
Results

Real-time three-directional velocity mapping in the aortic arch is achieved at 1.8 × 1.8 × 6 mm3 spatial and 60 ms temporal resolution. Artificial phase wraps are avoided in all cases using the smoothness constraint. Inter-spoke differences of concomitant magnetic fields are effectively compensated for by the model-based image reconstruction with integrated radial Maxwell correction.
Conclusion

Velocity vector reconstructions based on nonlinear inversion allow for high degrees of radial data undersampling paving the way for multi-directional PC MRI in real time. Whether a spoke-wise treatment of Maxwell terms is required or a computationally cheaper frame-wise approach depends on the individual application.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-11-302022
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/mrm.29108
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Title: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Wiley
Pages: 12 Volume / Issue: 87 (87) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1863 - 1875 Identifier: ISSN: 0740-3194
ISSN: 1522-2594