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  Land use change in a pericolonial society: intensification and diversification in Ifugao, Philippines between 1570 and 1800 CE

Findley, D. M., Acabado, S., Amano, N., Kay, A. U., Hamilton, R. J., Barretto-Tesoro, G., et al. (2022). Land use change in a pericolonial society: intensification and diversification in Ifugao, Philippines between 1570 and 1800 CE. Frontiers in Earth Science, 10: 680926. doi:10.3389/feart.2022.680926.

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 Creators:
Findley, David Max1, Author              
Acabado, Stephen, Author
Amano, Noel2, Author              
Kay, Andrea U.2, Author              
Hamilton, Rebecca Jenner1, Author              
Barretto-Tesoro, Grace, Author
Bankoff, Greg, Author
Kaplan, Jed O., Author
Roberts, Patrick1, Author              
Affiliations:
1isoTROPIC, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3383319              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: ifugao, circle diagrams, land use modelling, pericolonialism, Philippines, socio-ecology
 Abstract: Land use modelling is increasingly used by archaeologists and palaeoecologists seeking to quantify and compare the changing influence of humans on the environment. In Southeast Asia, the intensification of rice agriculture and the arrival of European colonizers have both been seen as major catalysts for deforestation, soil erosion, and biodiversity change. Here we consider the Tuwali-Ifugao people of the Cordillera Central (Luzon, Philippines), who resisted Spanish colonial subjugation from the 16th to the mid-nineteenth century, in part through the development of a world-renowned system of intensive wet-rice terrace agriculture. To quantify changes in how the Tuwali-Ifugao used their environment, we model land use in Old Kiyyangan Village, a long-inhabited settlement, at two timepoints: circa 1570 CE, prior to the Spanish arrival in Luzon, and circa 1800 CE, before the village was sacked by Spanish military expeditions. Our model demonstrates that between 1570 and 1800 the adoption of rice as a staple and the corresponding expansion in terrace agriculture, along with a general diversification of diet and land use, enabled the village’s population to double without increasing total land use area. Further, this major intensification led to the solidification of social hierarchies and occurred without a proportional increase in deforestation.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-03-24
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 16
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Methodology
- Models in Ifugao: The History and Socio-Ecology of the Region
- The Historical Land Use Model
- Model Calculations for OKV
- Population and Boble (Settled Area) at OKV
- Payo (Terraces)
- Uma (Swidden Fields)
- Muyong (Private Forests)
- Domesticated Animals
- Hunting, Foraging, and Fishing
- Fuel and Resource Extraction
- Commerce
- Agricultural Productivity and Nutritional Value
- Dietary Proportions
Results
- 1800
- 1570
- Exploring Social Difference: Kadangyan and Nawotwot Land Use in 1800
Discussion

 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/feart.2022.680926
Other: shh3182
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Project name : PANTROPOCENE
Grant ID : 850709
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Frontiers in Earth Science
  Abbreviation : Front. Earth Sci.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne : Frontiers Media
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 Sequence Number: 680926 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2296-6463
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2296-6463