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  Coping with COVID: Risk and resilience factors for mental health in a German representative panel study

Riepenhausen, A., Veer, I. M., Wackerhagen, C., Reppmann, Z. C., Köber, G., Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., et al. (2022). Coping with COVID: Risk and resilience factors for mental health in a German representative panel study. Psychological Medicine. doi:10.1017/S0033291722000563.

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 Creators:
Riepenhausen, Antje1, Author
Veer, Ilya M.1, Author
Wackerhagen, Carolin1, Author
Reppmann, Zala C.1, Author
Köber, Göran1, Author
Ayuso-Mateos, José Luis1, Author
Bögemann, Sophie A.1, Author
Corrao, Giovanni1, Author
Felez-Nobrega, Mireia1, Author
Abad, Josep Maria Haro1, Author
Hermans, Erno1, Author
van Leeuwen, Judith1, Author
Lieb, Klaus1, Author
Lorant, Vincent1, Author
Mary-Krause, Murielle1, Author
Mediavilla, Roberto1, Author
Melchior, Maria1, Author
Mittendorfer-Rutz, Ellenor1, Author
Compagnoni, Matteo Monzio1, Author
Pan, Kuan-Yu1, Author
Puhlmann, Lara M.2, Author              Roelofs, Karin1, AuthorSijbrandij, Marit1, AuthorSmith, Pierre1, AuthorTüscher, Oliver1, AuthorWitteveen, Anke1, AuthorZerban, Matthias1, AuthorKalisch, Raffael1, AuthorKröger, Hannes1, AuthorWalter, Henrik1, Author more..
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Research Group Social Stress and Family Health, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025667              

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Free keywords: COVID-19; Mental health; Psychological distress; Resilience; Risk factors
 Abstract: Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic might affect mental health. Data from population-representative panel surveys with multiple waves including pre-COVID data investigating risk and protective factors are still rare. Methods: In a stratified random sample of the German household population (n = 6684), we conducted survey-weighted multiple linear regressions to determine the association of various psychological risk and protective factors assessed between 2015 and 2020 with changes in psychological distress [(PD; measured via Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety (PHQ-4)] from pre-pandemic (average of 2016 and 2019) to peri-pandemic (both 2020 and 2021) time points. Control analyses on PD change between two pre-pandemic time points (2016 and 2019) were conducted. Regularized regressions were computed to inform on which factors were statistically most influential in the multicollinear setting. Results: PHQ-4 scores in 2020 (M = 2.45) and 2021 (M = 2.21) were elevated compared to 2019 (M = 1.79). Several risk factors (catastrophizing, neuroticism, and asking for instrumental support) and protective factors (perceived stress recovery, positive reappraisal, and optimism) were identified for the peri-pandemic outcomes. Control analyses revealed that in pre-pandemic times, neuroticism and optimism were predominantly related to PD changes. Regularized regression mostly confirmed the results and highlighted perceived stress recovery as most consistent influential protective factor across peri-pandemic outcomes. Conclusions: We identified several psychological risk and protective factors related to PD outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic. A comparison of pre-pandemic data stresses the relevance of longitudinal assessments to potentially reconcile contradictory findings. Implications and suggestions for targeted prevention and intervention programs during highly stressful times such as pandemics are discussed.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-03-01
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1017/S0033291722000563
Other: online ahead of print
PMID: 35301966
PMC: PMC8943230
 Degree: -

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Project name : -
Grant ID : 777084; 101016127
Funding program : Horizon 2020
Funding organization : European Union
Project name : -
Grant ID : 415809395, 427279591, and 40965412
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

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Title: Psychological Medicine
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0033-2917
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954927634419