English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Geoarchaeology and heritage management: Identifying and quantifying multi-scalar erosional processes at Kisese II rockshelter, Tanzania

Patania, I., Porter, S. T., Keegan, W. F., Dihogo, R., Frank, S., Lewis, J., et al. (2022). Geoarchaeology and heritage management: Identifying and quantifying multi-scalar erosional processes at Kisese II rockshelter, Tanzania. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9: 665193. doi:10.3389/feart.2021.665193.

Item is

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
Patania_Georarchaeology_FrontEarSci_2022.pdf (Publisher version), 10MB
Name:
Patania_Georarchaeology_FrontEarSci_2022.pdf
Description:
-
OA-Status:
Gold
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
2022
Copyright Info:
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Patania, Ilaria, Author
Porter, Samantha T., Author
Keegan, William F., Author
Dihogo, Rukia, Author
Frank, Sara, Author
Lewis, Jason, Author
Mashaka, Husna, Author
Ogutu, Julius, Author
Skosey-Lalonde, Elena, Author
Tryon, Christian A., Author
Niespolo, Elizabeth M., Author
Colarossi, Debra1, Author                 
Ranhorn, Kathryn L., Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497673              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: cave entrance, eastern Africa, Kondoa, micromorphology, sedimentology, archaeological stewardship
 Abstract: Natural and anthropogenically induced soil erosion can cause serious loss of the archaeological record. Our work shows the value of multi-scalar geoarchaeological study when excavating and re-excavating rockshelters in a highly dynamic sedimentary environment where erosion is prominent. Here we present our work on Kisese II rockshelter, Tanzania, originally excavated in the 1950s and largely unpublished, that preserves an important Pleistocene-Holocene archaeological record integral to understanding the deep history of the Kondoa Rock-Art World Heritage Center. Unlike rockshelters in quiescent tectonic settings, like much of central Europe or South Africa, Kisese II exists in highly dynamic sedimentary environments associated with the active tectonics of the Great Rift Valley system exacerbated by human-induced environmental and climate change. We report on our 2017 and 2019 exploratory research that includes integrated regional-, landscape-, and site-scale geoarchaeological analyses of past and present sedimentary regimes and micromorphological analyses of the archaeological sediments. Historical records and aerial photographs document extensive changes in vegetation cover and erosional regimes since the 1920s, with drastic changes quantified between 1960 and 2019. Field survey points to an increased erosion rate between 2017 and 2019. To serve future archaeologists, heritage specialists, and local populations we combine our data in a geoarchaeological catena that includes soil, vegetation, fauna, and anthropogenic features on the landscape. At the site, micromorphological coupled with chronological analyses demonstrate the preservation of in situ Pleistocene deposits. Comparison of photographs from the 1956 and 2019 excavations show a maximum sediment loss of 68 cm in 63 years or >10% of >6-m-thick sedimentary deposit. In the studied area of the rockshelter we estimate ∼1 cm/yr of erosion, suggesting the ongoing removal of much of the higher archaeological sediments which, based on the coarse stratigraphic controls and chronology of the original Inskeep excavations, would suggest the loss of much of the archaeological record of the last ∼4000 years. These multi-scalar data are essential for the construction of appropriate mitigation strategies and further study of the remaining stratigraphy

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-03-02
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/feart.2021.665193
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Frontiers in Earth Science
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 9 Sequence Number: 665193 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2296-6463