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  Stimulating a future-oriented mindset and goal attainment through a smartphone-based intervention: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Mertens, E. C. A., van der Schalk, J., Siezenga, A. M., & Van Gelder, J.-L. (2022). Stimulating a future-oriented mindset and goal attainment through a smartphone-based intervention: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Internet Interventions, 27: 100509. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2022.100509.

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This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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Mertens, Esther C. A., Author
van der Schalk, Job, Author
Siezenga, Aniek M., Author
Van Gelder, Jean-Louis1, Author              
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1Criminology, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law, Max Planck Society, ou_2489695              

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 Abstract: Background Short-term mindsets interfere with the consideration of future consequences and therefore predict negative behaviors. We developed a smartphone-based intervention aiming to increase a future-oriented mindset and personal goal attainment by strengthening future self-identification and stimulating episodic future thinking. The aims of the study are 1) to examine users' experiences with the application and their treatment adherence, 2) to examine the effectiveness of the intervention, and 3) to explore which intervention modules generate the strongest changes in key outcomes. Methods First-year university students (N = 166) will be randomly assigned to two conditions: 1) the smartphone-based intervention, or 2) a goal-setting control group. The intervention consists of three week-long modules. Data will be collected at the start of the intervention, at weekly intervals during the intervention, immediately after the intervention, and at 3-month follow-up (and at parallel time points for the control group). We will assess users' experiences, application usage data, primary intervention outcomes (e.g., self-defeating behavior, future orientation, future self-identification), and secondary intervention outcomes (e.g., psychosocial wellbeing, self-efficacy). Discussion The study will provide information about users' experiences with the application, the intervention's general effectiveness, and which intervention modules show most promise. This information will be used to further develop the application and optimize this novel intervention. Trial registration The trial is registered in the Netherlands Trial Register (number: NL9671) on 16 August 2021.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-02-15
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.invent.2022.100509
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Title: Internet Interventions
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 27 Sequence Number: 100509 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -