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  A 3D network of nanochannels for possible ion and molecule transit in mineralizing bone and cartilage

Tang, T., Landis, W., Raguin, E., Werner, P. E., Bertinetti, L., Dean, M., et al. (2022). A 3D network of nanochannels for possible ion and molecule transit in mineralizing bone and cartilage. Advanced nanoBiomed research, 2100162. doi:10.1002/anbr.202100162.

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 Creators:
Tang, Tengteng1, Author              
Landis, William, Author
Raguin, Emeline2, Author              
Werner, Peter E.3, Author              
Bertinetti, Luca, Author
Dean, Mason, Author
Wagermaier, Wolfgang1, Author              
Fratzl, Peter3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Wolfgang Wagermaier, Biomaterialien, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1863296              
2Richard Weinkamer, Biomaterialien, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1863295              
3Peter Fratzl, Biomaterialien, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1863294              

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Free keywords: bone; calcified cartilage; focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM); mineralization
 Abstract: During crucial growth stages of vertebrate long bones, calcified cartilage beneath the growth plate is anchored to bone by a third mineralized component, the cement line. Proper skeletal development is contingent on the interplay of these three constituents, yet their mineralization processes and structural interactions are incompletely understood, in part from limited knowledge of their meso- and nanoscale features. Herein, focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) with serial surface imaging is applied to examine the cartilage–bone interface of mouse femoral heads at an unprecedented scale: FIB-SEM provides 3D, nanometer resolution of structural details for volumes encompassing metaphyseal calcified cartilage, bone, and the intervening cement line. A novel and complex structural network is revealed, comprising densely packed nanochannels smaller than bone canaliculi (≈10–50 nm diameter) within the calcified cartilage and bone extracellular matrices, but absent in the cement line. A structural correlation is demonstrated between the nanochannels and ellipsoidal mineral domains, which appear to coalesce during mineralization in a process analogous to powder sintering in metallurgy. A mineralization process is proposed, supported by energy-dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy of nanochannel contents, in which these unreported structures offer ion and molecule conduits to access the extracellular matrices of calcified cartilage and bone.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-04-28
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/anbr.202100162
PMID: 0627
 Degree: -

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Title: Advanced nanoBiomed research
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Weinheim : Wiley-VCH
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 2100162 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2699-9307