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  Traceological analysis of lithics from the Camel Site, al-Jawf, Saudi Arabia: an experimental approach to identifying mineral processing activities using silcrete tools

Hilbert, Y. H., Clemente-Conte, I., Crassard, R., Charloux, G., Guagnin, M., & AlSharekh, A. M. (2022). Traceological analysis of lithics from the Camel Site, al-Jawf, Saudi Arabia: an experimental approach to identifying mineral processing activities using silcrete tools. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 14(5): 93. doi:10.1007/s12520-022-01559-6.

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 Creators:
Hilbert, Yamandú H., Author
Clemente-Conte, Ignacio, Author
Crassard, Rémy, Author
Charloux, Guillaume, Author
Guagnin, Maria1, Author              
AlSharekh, Abdullah M., Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Traceology, Experimental replication, Naturalistic animal reliefs, Sandstone, Mineral processing
 Abstract: The Camel Site is in the north of Saudi Arabia in the province of al-Jawf. It is characterised by three decaying sandstone hillocks with life-sized 3D engravings (or reliefs) of camels and equids likely carved during later prehistory. A survey in the central area of the site identified clusters of flakes and other flintknapping remains in the lower areas between the sandstone spurs and larger silcrete tools directly underneath the animal depictions. Some of these tools presented abraded edges, possibly from prolonged contact with the soft and abrasive sandstone that constitutes the rock spurs where the animals were carved. Experiments were performed to test this hypothesis and have a reference collection for further traceological analysis. The chaine opératoire of the experimental engraving tools, from raw material procurement, tool manufacture and use, reuse and discard, was conducted with locally available materials comparable to the archaeological specimens. Specific experimental variables, including how the force was applied, in what direction the movement took place and the orientation of the stone tool during the experiment, were also recorded. Macro- and microscopic analyses of the experimental collection and a sample of archaeological artefacts seem to show that the ancient tools found on the surface were probably used to make the camelid and equid reliefs at the site.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-04-262022
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 21
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Background
Material
Method
Result
- Taphonomic alterations of archaeological remains
- The experimental reference collection
- Traceological results of the archaeological material
Discussion
Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s12520-022-01559-6
Other: shh3208
 Degree: -

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Title: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  Other : Archaeol Anthropol Sci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin [u.a.] : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 14 (5) Sequence Number: 93 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1866-9557
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1866-9557