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  Making Enzymes Suitable for Organic Chemistry by Rational Protein Design

Reetz, M. T. (2022). Making Enzymes Suitable for Organic Chemistry by Rational Protein Design. Chembiochem. doi:10.1002/cbic.202200049.

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 Creators:
Reetz, Manfred T.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Department Reetz, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445588              

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Free keywords: enzyme stereoselectivity; process engineering; rational enzyme design; saturation mutagenesis; semi-rational directed evolution
 Abstract: This review outlines recent developments in protein engineering of stereo- and regioselective enzymes, which are of prime interest in organic and pharmaceutical chemistry as well as biotechnology. The widespread application of enzymes was hampered for decades due to limited enantio-, diastereo- and regioselectivity, which was the reason why most organic chemists were not interested in biocatalysis. This attitude began to change with the advent of semi-rational directed evolution methods based on focused saturation mutagenesis at sites lining the binding pocket. Screening constitutes the labor-intensive step (bottleneck), which is the reason why various research groups are continuing to develop techniques for the generation of small and smart mutant libraries. Rational enzyme design, traditionally an alternative to directed evolution, provides small collections of mutants which require minimal screening. This approach first focused on thermostabilization, and did not enter the field of stereoselectivity until later. Computational guides such as the Rosetta algorithms, HotSpot Wizard metric, and machine learning (ML) contribute significantly to decision making. The newest advancements show that semi-rational directed evolution such as CAST/ISM and rational enzyme design no longer develop on separate tracks, instead, they have started to merge. Indeed, researchers utilizing the two approaches have learned from each other. Today, the toolbox of organic chemists includes enzymes, primarily because the possibility of controlling stereoselectivity by protein engineering has ensured reliability when facing synthetic challenges. This review was also written with the hope that undergraduate and graduate education will include enzymes more so than in the past.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-01-252022-04-07
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/cbic.202200049
 Degree: -

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Title: Chembiochem
  Abbreviation : Chembiochem
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Weinheim, Germany : Wiley-VCH
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1439-4227
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/110978984568897