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  Disentangling performance-monitoring signals encoded in feedback-related EEG dynamics

Kirsch, F., Kirschner, H., Fischer, A. G., Klein, T. A., & Ullsperger, M. (2022). Disentangling performance-monitoring signals encoded in feedback-related EEG dynamics. NeuroImage, 257: 119322. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119322.

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 Creators:
Kirsch, Franziska1, Author
Kirschner, Hans1, Author
Fischer, Adrian G.1, 2, 3, Author
Klein, Tilmann A.1, 2, 4, Author              
Ullsperger, Markus1, 2, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute of Psychology, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Center for Behavioral Brain Sciences, Magdeburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Education and Psychology, FU Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              

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Free keywords: EEG; FRN; P3; Reward prediction error (RPE); Feedback processing; Performance monitoring
 Abstract: The feedback-related negativity (FRN) is a well-established electrophysiological correlate of feedback-processing. However, there is still an ongoing debate whether the FRN is driven by negative or positive reward prediction errors (RPE), valence of feedback, or mere surprise. Our study disentangles independent contributions of valence, surprise, and RPE on the feedback-related neuronal signal including the FRN and P3 components using the statistical power of a sample of N = 992 healthy individuals. The participants performed a modified time-estimation task, while EEG from 64 scalp electrodes was recorded. Our results show that valence coding is present during the FRN with larger amplitudes for negative feedback. The FRN is further modulated by surprise in a valence-dependent way being more positive-going for surprising positive outcomes. The P3 was strongly driven by both global and local surprise, with larger amplitudes for unexpected feedback and local deviants. Behavioral adaptations after feedback and FRN just show small associations. Results support the theory of the FRN as a representation of a signed RPE. Additionally, our data indicates that surprising positive feedback enhances the EEG response in the time window of the P3. These results corroborate previous findings linking the P3 to the evaluation of PEs in decision making and learning tasks.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-05-032021-12-142022-05-122022-05-142022-08-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119322
Other: online ahead of print
PMID: 35577025
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Grant ID : KL 2337/2-1, KL2337/2-3, and UL 196/3-3
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Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
Project name : -
Grant ID : SAS-2015-LIN-LWC
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Leibniz Association

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Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, FL : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 257 Sequence Number: 119322 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650166