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  Investigating the impact of distinct contemplative mental trainings on daily life stress, thoughts and affect: Evidence from a nine-month longitudinal ecological momentary assessment study

Linz, R., Puhlmann, L. M., Engert, V., & Singer, T. (2022). Investigating the impact of distinct contemplative mental trainings on daily life stress, thoughts and affect: Evidence from a nine-month longitudinal ecological momentary assessment study. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 142: 105800. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2022.105800.

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 Creators:
Linz, Roman1, Author              
Puhlmann, Lara M.1, 2, Author              
Engert, Veronika1, 3, Author              
Singer, Tania4, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Group Social Stress and Family Health, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025667              
2Leibniz Institute for Resilience Research (LIR), Mainz, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Institute of Psychosocial Medicine and Psychotherapy, Jena University Hospital, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Social Neuroscience Lab, Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Ecological momentary assessment; EMA; Stress coping; Mindfulness; Meditation; RCT
 Abstract: Mindfulness-based mental training interventions have become a popular means to alleviate stress and stress-associated health risks. Previous scientific investigations emphasize the importance of exploring the effects of such interventions in naturalistic settings to evaluate their implementation into daily life. Therefore, the current study examined the effects of three distinct mental training modules on a range of measures of daily life experience in the scope of the ReSource Project, a 9-month longitudinal mental training study comparing modules targeting attention and interoception (Presence), socio-affective (Affect) or socio-cognitive abilities (Perspective). We used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to repeatedly probe levels of stress and stress-coping efficacy combined with stress-reactive cortisol levels, and further explored arousal, affective states, and thought patterns in the daily lives of 289 healthy adults (172 women; 20–55 years). We found increased presence-focused thought and heightened arousal after a training duration of 3–6 months, independent of the type of prior training. Increased coping efficacy emerged specifically after socio-cognitive Perspective training, following 6–9 months of training duration. No training effects were found for subjective stress, stress-reactive cortisol levels, or daily life affect. Our findings corroborate and add ecological validity to previous ReSource findings by showing that they replicate in participants’ everyday environment. Regarding endocrine and subjective stress markers, our results suggest caution in generalizing acute laboratory findings to individuals’ everyday routines. Overall, the current study provides substantiated insights into how cultivating one’s mind through contemplative mental training translates to daily life experience, enhances stress-coping, and may ultimately aide in maintaining health.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-03-312021-12-152022-05-092022-05-132022-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2022.105800
Other: online ahead of print
PMID: 35598494
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Project name : -
Grant ID : 205557
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Funding organization : European Research Council

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Title: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Pergamon
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 142 Sequence Number: 105800 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0306-4530
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925514499