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  Ancient agricultural and pastoral landscapes on the south side of lake Issyk-Kul: preliminary surveys of the Juuku Valley and Lower Kizil Suu Valley, archaeobotanical results of three stratigraphic profiles, and GIS modeling of Iron Age in Lower Kizil Suu

Chang, C., Ivanov, S. S., Tourtellotte, P. A., Spengler III, R. N., Mir Makhamad, B., & Kramar, D. (2022). Ancient agricultural and pastoral landscapes on the south side of lake Issyk-Kul: preliminary surveys of the Juuku Valley and Lower Kizil Suu Valley, archaeobotanical results of three stratigraphic profiles, and GIS modeling of Iron Age in Lower Kizil Suu. Land, 11(6): 902. doi:10.20944/preprints202205.0219.v1.

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 Creators:
Chang, Claudia, Author
Ivanov, Sergeo Sergievich, Author
Tourtellotte, Perry Alan, Author
Spengler III, Robert N.1, Author           
Mir Makhamad, Basira1, Author           
Kramar, David, Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: archaeological landscapes; Iron Age; Medieval period; agriculture; pastoralism; vertical zonation, Issyk-Kul Lake; archaeobotany; GIS mapping
 Abstract: The main goal of this paper is to present results of preliminary archaeological research on the south side of Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan. We test the hypothesis that agropastoral land use changed over four millennia from the Bronze Age through the ethnographic Kirghiz period due to economic, socio-political, and religious changes in the prehistoric and historic societies of this region. Our research objectives are to: (1) describe and analyze survey results from Lower Kizil Suu Valley; (2) discuss the results of radiometric and archaeobotanical samples taken from three stratigraphic profiles from three settlements from the Juuku Valley, including these chronological periods: the Wusun period (200 to 400 CE), the Qarakhanid period (1100 to 1200 CE), and the ethnographic Kirghiz period (1700 to 1900 CE); and (3) conduct preliminary GIS spatial analyses on the Iron Age mortuary remains (Saka and Wusun period). This research emerges out of the first archaeological surveys conducted in 2019 - 2021 and includes the Lower Kizil Suu alluvial fan; it is an initial step toward developing a model for agropastoral land use for upland valleys of the Inner Tian Shan Mountains.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-05-17
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 24
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Study Area
2.2. Description of Survey Methods
2.3. Stratigraphic Profiles at Juuku Valley settlements
2.4. Radiometric Dating
2.5. Archaeobotanical Methods
2.6. GIS Methods for Spatial Analysis
3. Results
3.1. Survey results
3.2. Stratigraphic Profiles
3.2.1. Profile at Site-EJS1 (Wusun Period Settlement)
3.2.2. Profile at Site-EJS2 (Qarakhanid Period Settlement)
3.3. Results of Radiometric Dating
3.4. Results of Archaeobotanical Analyses
3.4.1. Site-EJS1 (Eastern Juuku – Settlement-1)
3.4.2. Site-EJS2 (Eastern Juuku – Settlement-2)
3.4.3. Site-LJS3 (Lower Juuku – Settlement-2)
3.5. Results of the GIS Spatial Analyses
4. Discussion
5. Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.20944/preprints202205.0219.v1
Other: shh3223
 Degree: -

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Title: Land
  Other : Land : open access journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Basel : MDPI
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (6) Sequence Number: 902 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2073-445X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2073-445X

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Title: Preprints.org
Source Genre: Web Page
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Publ. Info: Basel : MDPI
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 202205.0219 Start / End Page: - Identifier: URN: https://www.preprints.org/