English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Study of fluctuations in the Martian magnetosheath using a kurtosis technique: Mars Express observations

Franco, A. M. S., Echer, E., Bolzan, M. J. A., & Fränz, M. (2022). Study of fluctuations in the Martian magnetosheath using a kurtosis technique: Mars Express observations. Earth and Planetary Physics, 6(1), 28-41. doi:10.26464/epp2022006.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Franco, A. M. S., Author
Echer, E., Author
Bolzan, M. J. A., Author
Fränz, Markus1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Planetary Science Department, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, 37077 Göttingen, DE, ou_1832288              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: Mars magnetosheath, kurtosis, ULF waves
 Abstract: Planetary magnetosheaths are characterized by high plasma wave and turbulence activity. The Martian magnetosheath is no exception; both upstream and locally generated plasma waves have been observed in the region between its bow shock and magnetic boundary layer, its induced magnetosphere. This statistical study of wave activity in the Martian magnetosheath is based on 12 years (2005–2016) of observations made during Mars Express (MEX) crossings of the planet’s magnetosheath — in particular, data on electron density and temperature data collected by the electron spectrometer (ELS) of the plasma analyzer (ASPERA-3) experiment on board the MEX spacecraft. A kurtosis parameter has been calculated for these plasma parameters. This value indicates intermittent behavior in the data when it is higher than 3 (the value for a normal or Gaussian distribution). The variation of wave activity occurrence has been analyzed in relation to solar cycle, Martian orbit, and distance to the bow shock. Non-Gaussian properties are observed in the magnetosheath of Mars on all analyzed scales, especially in those near the proton gyrofrequency in the upstream region of the Martian magnetosphere. We also report that non-Gaussian behavior is most prominent at the smaller scales (higher frequencies). A significant influence of the solar cycle was also observed; the kurtosis parameter is higher during declining and solar maximum phases, when the presence of disturbed solar wind conditions, caused by large scale solar wind structures, increases. The kurtosis decreases with increasing distance from the bow shock, which indicates that the intermittence level is higher near the bow shock. In the electron temperature data the kurtosis is higher near the perihelion due to the higher incidence of EUV when the planet is closer to the Sun, which causes a more extended exosphere, and consequently increases the wave activity in the magnetosheath and its upstream region. The extended exosphere seems to play a lower effect in the electron density data.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.26464/epp2022006
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Earth and Planetary Physics
  Other : EPP
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Wiley
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 6 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 28 - 41 Identifier: ISSN: 2096-3955
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2096-3955