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  A novel ringdown amplitude-phase consistency test

Forteza, X. J., Bhagwat, S., Kumar, S., & Pani, P. (in preparation). A novel ringdown amplitude-phase consistency test.

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2205.14910.pdf (Preprint), 3MB
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 Creators:
Forteza, Xisco Jimenez1, Author              
Bhagwat, Swetha, Author
Kumar, Sumit1, Author              
Pani, Paolo, Author
Affiliations:
1Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24011              

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Free keywords: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc, Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, astro-ph.HE,High Energy Physics - Theory, hep-th
 Abstract: The ringdown signal emitted during a binary black hole coalescence can be modeled as a linear superposition of the characteristic damped modes of the remnant black hole that get excited during the merger phase. While checking the consistency of the measured frequencies and damping times against the Kerr BH spectrum predicted by General Relativity~(GR) is a cornerstone of strong-field tests of gravity, the consistency of measured excitation amplitudes and phases have been largely left unexplored. For a nonprecessing, quasi-circular binary black hole merger, we find that GR predicts a narrow region in the space of mode amplitude ratio and phase difference, independently of the spin of the binary components. % Using this unexpected result, we develop a new null test of strong-field gravity which demands that the measured amplitudes and phases of different ringdown modes should lie within this narrow region predicted by GR. We call this the \emph{amplitude-phase consistency test} and introduce a procedure for performing it using information from the ringdown signal. Lastly, we apply this test to the GW190521 event, using the multimodal ringdown parameters inferred by Capano et al.~(2021)~\cite{Capano:2021etf}. While ringdown measurements errors for this event are large, we show that GW190521 is consistent with the amplitude-phase consistency test. Our test is particularly well suited for accommodating multiple loud ringdown detections as those expected in the near future, and can be used complementarily to standard black-hole spectroscopy as a proxy for modified gravity, compact objects other than black holes, and binary precession.

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 Dates: 2022-05-30
 Publication Status: Not specified
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 2205.14910
 Degree: -

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