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  ERPs reveal an iconic relation between sublexical phonology and affective meaning

Conrad, M., Ullrich, S., Schmidtke, D., & Kotz, S. A. (2022). ERPs reveal an iconic relation between sublexical phonology and affective meaning. Cognition, 226: 105182. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2022.105182.

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 Creators:
Conrad, M.1, 2, Author
Ullrich, S.3, Author
Schmidtke, D.4, Author
Kotz, Sonja A.5, 6, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Cognitive, Social, and Organizational Psychology, University of La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, ou_persistent22              
2Instituto Universitario de Neurociencia (IUNE), University of La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, ou_persistent22              
3University of Potsdam, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4FU Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
6Maastricht University, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Sound symbolism; Visual word recognition; Phonological iconicity; Affective meaning; N400; ERPs
 Abstract: Classical linguistic theory assumes that formal aspects, like sound, are not internally related to the meaning of words. However, recent research suggests language might code affective meaning such as threat and alert sublexically. Positing affective phonological iconicity as a systematic organization principle of the German lexicon, we calculated sublexical affective values for sub-syllabic phonological word segments from a large-scale affective lexical German database by averaging valence and arousal ratings of all words any phonological segment appears in. We tested word stimuli with either consistent or inconsistent mappings between lexical affective meaning and sublexical affective values (negative-valence/high-arousal vs. neutral-valence/low-arousal) in an EEG visual-lexical-decision task. A mismatch between sublexical and lexical affective values elicited an increased N400 response. These results reveal that systematic affective phonological iconicity – extracted from the lexicon - impacts the extraction of lexical word meaning during reading.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-05-152021-07-102022-05-252022-06-082022-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2022.105182
Other: Online ahead of print
PMID: 35689874
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Title: Cognition
  Other : Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 226 Sequence Number: 105182 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0010-0277
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925391298