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  Simulation-based learning influences real-life attitudes

Paulus, P. C., Dabas, A., Felber, A., & Benoit, R. G. (2022). Simulation-based learning influences real-life attitudes. Cognition, 227: 105202. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2022.105202.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Paulus, Philipp C.1, 2, Author              
Dabas, Aroma1, 3, Author              
Felber, Annalena1, Author
Benoit, Roland G.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Adaptive Memory, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2295691              
2International Max Planck Research School on Neuroscience of Communication: Function, Structure, and Plasticity, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_2616696              
3Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Episodic simulation; Attitude change; Transfer of valence; Long-term memory; Evaluative conditioning
 Abstract: Humans can vividly simulate hypothetical experiences. This ability draws on our memories (e.g., of familiar people and locations) to construct imaginings that resemble real-life events (e.g., of meeting a person at a location). Here, we examine the hypothesis that we also learn from such simulated episodes much like from actual experiences. Specifically, we show that the mere simulation of meeting a familiar person (unconditioned stimulus; US) at a known location (conditioned stimulus; CS) changes how people value the location. We provide key evidence that this simulation-based learning strengthens pre-existing CS-US associations and that it leads to a transfer of valence from the US to the CS. The data thus highlight a mechanism by which we learn from simulated experiences.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-06-022021-09-082022-06-062022-06-142022-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2022.105202
Other: online ahead of print
PMID: 35714560
 Degree: -

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Title: Cognition
  Other : Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 227 Sequence Number: 105202 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0010-0277
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925391298