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  Elite players invest additional time for making better embodied choices

Hinz, M., Lehmann, N., & Musculus, L. (2022). Elite players invest additional time for making better embodied choices. Frontiers in Psychology, 13: 873474. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.873474.

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 Creators:
Hinz, Matthias1, Author
Lehmann, Nico1, 2, Author           
Musculus, Lisa3, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Human Sciences, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
3Department of Performance Psychology, Institute of Psychology, German Sport University Cologne, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Decision confidence; Decision making; Decision time; Expertise; Team-handball
 Abstract: Expert athletes are determined to make faster and better decisions, as revealed in several simple heuristic studies using verbal reports or micro-movement responses. However, heuristic decision-making experiments that require motor responses, also being considered as the embodied-choice experiments, are still underrepresented. Furthermore, it is less understood how decision time and confidence depend on the type of embodied choices players make. To scrutinize the decision-making processes (i.e., decision time, decision confidence), this study investigated the embodied choices of male athletes with different expertise in a close-to-real-life environment; 22 elite (M age = 17.59 yrs., SD = 3.67), and 22 amateur (M age = 20.71 yrs., SD = 8.54) team handball players performed a sport-specific embodied-choice test. Attack sequences (n = 32) were shown to the players, who had to choose between four provided options by giving a respective sport-specific motor response. We analyzed the frequencies of specific choices and the best choice, as well as the respective decision time and decision confidence. Elite and amateur players differed in the frequencies of specific choices (i.e., forward/tackling; passive blocking), and elite players made the best choice more often. Slower decision times of elite players were revealed in specific choices and in best choices, the confidence of decisions was rated equally high by both player groups. Indications are provided that elite players make better choices rather slower, instead of faster. We suppose this is due to specific sensorimotor interactions and speed-accuracy-tradeoffs in favor of accuracy in elite players. Our findings extend expert decision-making research by using an embodied-choice paradigm, highlighting considerations of decision time and confidence in future experiments.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-02-102022-05-092022-06-06
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.873474
Other: eCollection 2022
PMID: 35734458
PMC: PMC9207261
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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 13 Sequence Number: 873474 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078