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  Impact of COVID-19 emergency on the psychological well-being of susceptible individuals

Stufano, A., Lucchese, G., Stahl, B., Grattagliano, I., Dassisti, L., Lovreglio, P., et al. (2022). Impact of COVID-19 emergency on the psychological well-being of susceptible individuals. Scientific Reports, 12(1): 11152. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-15357-6.

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 Creators:
Stufano, Angela1, Author
Lucchese, Guglielmo2, Author
Stahl, Benjamin2, 3, 4, 5, Author           
Grattagliano, Ignazio6, Author
Dassisti, Liliana6, Author
Lovreglio, Piero1, Author
Flöel, Agnes2, Author
Iavicoli, Ivo7, Author
Affiliations:
1Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, University of Bari, Italy, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Neurology, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Neurology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2205649              
5Faculty of Science, MSB Medical School Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Education, Psychology, Communication Sciences, University of Bari, Italy, ou_persistent22              
7Department of Public Health, University of Naples Federico II, Italy, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Health occupations; Psychology
 Abstract: The current pandemic has exerted an unprecedented psychological impact on the world population, and its effects on mental health are a growing concern. The present study aims to evaluate psychological well-being (PWB) during the COVID-19 crisis in university workers with one or more diseases likely to increase the risk of severe outcomes in the event of SARS-CoV-2 infection, defined as susceptible. 210 susceptible employees of an Italian University (aged 25-71 years) were recruited during the COVID-19 second wave (October-December 2020). A group comprising 90 healthy university employees (aged 26-69 years) was also recruited. The self-report Psychological General Well Being Index (PGWBI) was used to assess global PWB and the influence on six sub-domains: anxiety, depressed mood, positive well-being, self-control, general health, and vitality. We applied non-linear dimension-reduction techniques and regression methods to 45 variables in order to assess the main demographic, occupational, and general-health-related factors predicting PWB during the COVID-19 crisis. PGWBI score was higher in susceptible than in healthy workers, both as total score (mean 77.8 vs 71.3) and across almost all subscales. Age and jobs involving high social interaction before the pandemic were inversely associated with the PWB total score, general health, and self-control subscores. The current data suggest no decline in PWB during the second wave of COVID-19 health emergency in susceptible individuals of working age. Critically, higher risk for mental-health issues appears to be inversely related to age, particularly among individuals deprived of their previous level of social interaction at work.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-10-282022-06-202022-07-01
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-15357-6
PMID: 35778530
PMC: PMC9247931
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 (1) Sequence Number: 11152 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322